HPV-Associated Cancer Statistics
Based on data from 2011 to 2015, about 42,700 HPV-associated cancers occur in the United States each year: about 24,400 among women, and about 18,300 among men. Cervical cancer is the most common HPV-associated cancer among women, and oropharyngeal cancers (cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils) are the most common among men.
HPV-associated cancers are estimated by examining cancer in parts of the body and cancer cell types that are more likely to be caused by HPV. Cancer registries do not collect data on the presence or absence of HPV in cancer tissue at the time of diagnosis.
In general, HPV is thought to be responsible for more than 90% of anal and cervical cancers, about 70% of vaginal and vulvar cancers, and more than 60% of penile cancers. Oropharyngeal cancers traditionally have been caused by tobacco and alcohol, but recent studies show that about 70% of cancers of the oropharynx may be linked to HPV. Many cancers of the oropharynx may be caused by a combination of tobacco, alcohol, and HPV.
- Cancers Associated with Human Papillomavirus in the American Indian and Alaska Native Population, United States—1999–2015
Number 6, December 2018
- Cancers Associated with Human Papillomavirus, United States, 2011–2015
Number 4, August 2018