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HPV-Associated Anal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity

It is estimated that about 4,300 new cases of HPV-associated anal cancers are diagnosed in women and about 2,200 are diagnosed in men each year in the United States.* More white women get HPV-associated anal cancer than women of other races. More black men get HPV-associated anal cancer than men of other races.

*Note: This study used cancer registry data to estimate the amount of HPV-associated cancer in the United States by examining cancer in parts of the body and cancer cell types that are more likely to be caused by HPV. Cancer registries do not collect data on the presence or absence of HPV in cancer tissue at the time of diagnosis. In general, HPV is thought to be responsible for about 91% of anal cancers. Anal cancers described include anal and rectal squamous cell carcinomas.

HPV-Associated Anal Cancer Rates by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex, per Year, United States, 2011–2015

Bar chart showing the rates for anal cancer in the United States per year during 2011 to 2015 by race, ethnicity, and sex.

The graph above shows the age-adjusted incidence rates for HPV-associated anal cancer in the United States during 2011–2015. The rates shown are the number of men or women who were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer for every 100,000 men or women.

  • Among whites, about 2.4 women and 1.3 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among blacks, about 1.7 women and 1.7 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among American Indians and Alaska Natives, about 1.2 women and 0.7 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among Asians and Pacific Islanders, about 0.4 women and 0.3 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among Hispanics, about 1.6 women and 0.8 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among non-Hispanics, about 2.3 women and 1.4 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.

Data are from population-based cancer registries participating in CDC’s National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and/or the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program for 2011 to 2015, covering 100% of the U.S. population.

References

Data source: National Program of Cancer Registries SEER*Stat Database: U.S. Cancer Statistics Incidence Analytic file 1998–2015. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Released June 2018, based on the November 2017 submission.

Viens LJ, Henley SJ, Watson M, Markowitz LE, Thomas CC, Thompson TD, Razzaghi H, Saraiya M, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus–associated cancers—United States, 2008–2012. MMWR 2016;65(26):661–666.

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