HPV-Associated Anal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity

It is estimated that about 4,500 new cases of HPV-associated anal cancersexternal icon are diagnosed in women and about 2,300 are diagnosed in men each year in the United States.* More white women get HPV-associated anal cancer than women of other races. More black men get HPV-associated anal cancer than men of other races.

*Note: This study used cancer registry data to estimate the amount of HPV-associated cancer in the United States by examining cancer in parts of the body and cancer cell types that are more likely to be caused by HPV. Cancer registries do not collect data on the presence or absence of HPV in cancer tissue at the time of diagnosis. In general, HPV is thought to be responsible for about 91% of anal cancers. Anal cancers described include anal and rectal squamous cell carcinomas.

  • Among whites, about 2.5 women and 1.3 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among blacks, about 1.7 women and 1.7 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among American Indians and Alaska Natives, about 1.2 women and 0.8 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among Asians and Pacific Islanders, about 0.4 women and 0.2 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among Hispanics, about 1.6 women and 0.8 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.
  • Among non-Hispanics, about 2.4 women and 1.4 men per 100,000 were diagnosed with HPV-associated anal cancer.

Data are from population-based cancer registries participating in CDC’s National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and/or the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program for 2012 to 2016, covering 100% of the U.S. population.

U.S. Cancer Statistics Data Visualizations Tool

The Data Visualizations tool makes it easy for anyone to explore and use the latest official federal government cancer data from United States Cancer Statistics. It includes the latest cancer data covering 100% of the U.S. population.

The Data Visualizations tool shows rates for HPV-associated anal cancers among women, among men, and among women and men combined.

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References

Data source: National Program of Cancer Registries SEER*Stat Database: U.S. Cancer Statistics Incidence Analytic file 1998–2016. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Released June 2019, based on the November 2018 submission.

Viens LJ, Henley SJ, Watson M, Markowitz LE, Thomas CC, Thompson TD, Razzaghi H, Saraiya M, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Human papillomavirus–associated cancers—United States, 2008–2012. MMWR 2016;65(26):661–666.