Outpatient Antibiotic Prescriptions — United States, 2014
Healthcare providers prescribed 266.1 million antibiotic prescriptions—equivalent to 835 antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 persons.
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Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outpatient antibiotic prescriptions — United States, 2014.
Systemic oral antibiotics were extracted from the IMS Health (now called QuintilesIMS) Xponent database. IMS Health captures >70% of outpatient prescriptions nationally, reconciles them to wholesale deliveries, and projects to 100% coverage. These data represent all outpatient antibiotic prescriptions from community pharmacies and non-governmental mail order pharmacies from all payers, but exclude federal facilities. Provider specialties are taken from the American Medical Association (AMA) self-designated practice specialties and categorized into one of 17 groups. Population data were obtained from the U.S. Census bridging files.
- Hicks, L.A., et al., US Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing Variation According to Geography, Patient Population, and Provider Specialty in 2011. Clin Infect Dis, 2015. 60(9): p. 1308-16.
- IMS. The Uniform System of Classification (USC). [cited2015 September 22]
Table 1. Oral antibiotic prescriptions by age and sex and region—United States, 2014.
|Age groupa||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
|Sexa||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
|Regionb||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
a Totals may not add to all oral prescriptions (266.1 million) due to missing data.
b Totals may not add to all oral prescriptions (266.1 million) due to rounding.
Table 2. Top oral antibiotic classes and agents prescribed—United States, 2014.
|ANTIBIOTIC CLASS||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS) PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
|Beta-lactams, increased activity||23.5||74|
|ANTIBIOTIC AGENT||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS) PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
Table 3. Oral antibiotic prescribing by provider specialty — United States, 2014.
|PROVIDER SPECIALTY||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER PROVIDER, RATE|
|Primary Care Physicians||114.7||483|
|Physician Assistants and Nurse Practitioners||54.4||314|
Figure 1. Antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 persons by state (sextiles) for all ages — United States, 2014.
This project was made possible through a partnership with the CDC Foundation. Support for this project was provided by The Pew Charitable Trusts.
- Page last reviewed: September 12, 2017
- Page last updated: December 27, 2017
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