Outpatient Antibiotic Prescriptions — United States, 2012
Healthcare providers prescribed 272.3 million antibiotic prescriptions—equivalent to 867 antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 persons.
Print only version: Outpatient Antibiotic Prescriptions — United States, 2012 Cdc-pdf[PDF – 606 KB]
Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outpatient antibiotic prescriptions — United States, 2012.
Table 1. Oral antibiotic prescriptions by age and sex—United States, 2012.
|Age group||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
|Sex||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)>||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
|Region||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)>||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
aTotals may not add to all oral prescriptions (272.3 million) due to missing data
Table 2. Top oral antibiotic classes and agents prescribed—United States, 2012.
|ANTIBIOTIC CLASS||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS) PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
|Beta-lactams, increased activity||21.8||69|
|ANTIBIOTIC AGENT||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS) PER 1,000 PERSONS, RATE|
Table 3. Oral antibiotic prescribing by provider specialty — United States, 2012
|PROVIDER SPECIALTY||NUMBER OF ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS (MILLIONS)||ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTIONS PER PROVIDER, RATE|
|Primary Care Physicians||129.0||543|
|Physician Assistants and Nurse Practitioners||43.2||249|
Systemic oral antibiotics were extracted from the IMS Health Xponent database. IMS Health captures >70% of outpatient prescriptions nationally, reconciles them to wholesale deliveries, and projects to 100% coverage. These data represent all outpatient antibiotic prescriptions from community pharmacies and non-governmental mail order pharmacies from all payers, but exclude federal facilities. Provider specialties are taken from the American Medical Association (AMA) self-designated practice specialties and categorized into one of 17 groups. Population data were obtained from the U.S. Census bridging files.
- Hicks, L.A., et al., US Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing Variation According to Geography, Patient Population, and Provider Specialty in 2011. Clin Infect Dis, 2015. 60(9): p. 1308-16.
- IMS. The Uniform System of Classification (USC)Cdc-pdfExternal. [cited2015 September 22]
Figure 1. Antibiotic prescriptions per 1000 persons by state (sextiles) for all ages — United States, 2012.
This project was made possible through a partnership with the CDC Foundation. Support for this project was provided by The Pew Charitable Trusts.