Clinical Guidance for Selected Common Acute Pain Conditions
Current Treatment Recommendations from Professional Organizations
Cited recommendations represent current best practices from professional organizations as evaluated by CDC and should not be considered CDC-authored or CDC-endorsed content, unless expressly stated. The information provided on this website is not intended to be a substitute for the medical judgment of a clinician caring for a specific patient and does not indicate an exclusive course of action or treatment. Learn more.
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 Deyo RA, Hallvik SE, Hildebran C, et al. Association Between Initial Opioid Prescribing Patterns and Subsequent Long-Term Use Among Opioid-Naïve Patients: A Statewide Retrospective Cohort Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2017;32(1):21–27. doi:10.1007/s11606-016-3810-3