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Early Diagnosis and Treatment Can Improve Medical Outcomes
Starting anti-retroviral therapy (ART) early prevents a combination of outcomes that allows patients to live longer healthier lives. This includes the prevention of co-morbidities, renal, and liver disease, and non-AIDS cancer.
Testing Can Reduce Transmission
Many infected persons decrease behaviors that transmit infection to sex or needle-sharing partners once they are aware of their positive HIV status. HIV-infected persons who are unaware of their infection do not reduce risk behaviors.
CDC Recommends Testing All Patients Ages 13-64
Because HIV crosses the boundaries of sexual orientation, gender, age, and ethnicity, risk-based testing fails to identify many people with HIV. Therefore, CDC recommends HIV screening for everyone in all health care settings. The HIV Screening. Standard Care. program, which is a part of CDC’s Act Against AIDS communication campaign, provides tools and resources for incorporating HIV testing into primary care settings.
- Page last reviewed: August 2, 2017
- Page last updated: August 23, 2017
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