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Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable illness and death in the United States, causing nearly one out of five deaths in the United States each year.

Why Is Smoking A Concern If I’m Living With HIV?

Smoking increases your risk of developing lung cancer, other cancers, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and other diseases, and of dying early. For these reasons, smoking is an important health issue for everyone, but it is a greater concern for people living with HIV, who tend to smoke more than the general population.

About 1 in 5 U.S. adults smoke. Among adults living with HIV, the number of people who smoke is 2 to 3 times greater. Smoking has many negative health effects on people who are living with HIV. For example, smokers living with HIV:

People with HIV who smoke have a greater chance of developing a life-threating illness that leads to an AIDS diagnosis. People who smoke and live with HIV also have a shorter lifespan than people living with HIV who do not smoke.

What Are The Benefits Of Quitting Smoking?

Quitting smoking has major and immediate health benefits for tobacco users, including people living with HIV. These benefits include:

You can learn about the benefits of quitting smoking and get tips for quitting from CDC’s national tobacco education campaign—Tips From Former Smokers (Tips). The Tips campaign profiles real people—not actors—who are living with serious long-term health effects from smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. You can also view a story and tips from a person living with HIV who quit smoking.

Visit or call the Smoking Quitline: 877-44U-QUIT (877-448-7848) for more information on the many health benefits of quitting smoking. For help from your state quitline, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).