ABCs Report: Neisseria meningitidis, 2004

February 2, 2010: Content on this page kept for historical reasons.

Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs): Emerging Infections Program Network

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ABCs Areas

California (3 county San Francisco Bay area); Colorado (5 county Denver area); Connecticut; Georgia; Maryland; Minnesota; New Mexico; New York (15 county Rochester and Albany areas); Oregon; Tennessee (11 urban counties)

ABCs Population

The surveillance areas represent 39,015,076 persons. Source: National Center for Health Statistics bridged-race vintage 2004 postcensal file

ABCs Case Definition

Invasive meningococcal disease: isolation of Neisseria meningitidis from normally sterile site in a resident of a surveillance area in 2004.

ABCs Methodology

ABCs personnel routinely contacted all microbiology laboratories serving acute care hospitals in their area to identify cases. Standardized case report forms that include information on demographic characteristics, clinical syndrome, and outcome of illness were completed for each identified case. Molecular subtyping was done on meningococcal isolates at CDC. Regular laboratory audits assessed completeness of active surveillance and detected additional cases.

All rates of invasive meningococcal disease were calculated using population estimates for 2004. For national projections of cases, race and age-specific rates of disease were applied from the aggregate surveillance area to the age and racial distribution of the 2004 U.S. population for 49 states (excluding Oregon). The Oregon reported cases were then added to obtain the national projections. Cases with unknown race were distributed by area based on reported race distribution for known cases within the eight age categories.

Reported ABCs Profiles

Reported ABCs Profiles
Race No. (Rate*)
White 131 (0.44)
Black 22 (0.34)
Other 3 (0.12)
Total 156 (0.40)

Unknown race (n=27) distributed amongst known

* Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by syndrome, cases, and deaths
Syndrome Cases
No. (%*)
Deaths
No. (Rate)
Meningitis 90 (57.7) 8 (8.9)
Bacteremia without focus 45 (28.8) 6 (13.6)

*Percent of cases

Deaths per 100 cases with known outcomes

Reported ABCs Profiles by age and serogroup
Age (years) B
No. (Rate*)
Serogroups
C
No. (Rate*)
Serogroups
Y
No. (Rate*)
Other
No. (Rate*)
<1 21 (3.9) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.55) 3 (0.55)
1 2 (0.37) 1 (0.19) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.19)
2-4 12 (0.75) 1 (0.06) 3 (0.19) 1 (0.06)
5-17 15 (0.21) 6 (0.09) 4 (0.06) 3 (0.04)
18-34 14 (0.15) 10 (0.11) 5 (0.05) 6 (0.06)
35-49 6 (0.07) 3 (0.03) 5 (0.05) 1 (0.01)
50-64 3 (0.05) 3 (0.05) 1 (0.02) 2 (0.03)
≥ 65 3 (0.07) 3 (0.07) 10 (0.22) 5 (0.11)
Total 76 (0.19) 27 (0.07) 31 (0.08) 22 (0.06)

Unknown serogroup (n=9) distributed amongst known

*Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

The rate of serogroup B disease excluding Oregon is 0.12 cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Other includes serogroup W-135 and non-groupables

Rates of Meningococcal Disease in Adolescents and Young Adults

Reported ABCs Profiles by syndrome, and overall serogroup
Syndrome Overall
Serogroups
No. (Rate*)
C/Y/W-135
Serogroups
No. (Rate*)
11-17 14 (0.36) 7 (0.18)
18-22 18 (0.67) 7 (0.26)

*Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

National Estimates of Invasive Disease

Cases: 900 (0.31/100,000)
Deaths: 125 (0.05/100,000)

Healthy People 2010 Update

Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type B disease

Objective: Reduce the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease to 0.9 per 100,000 population.

Reported ABCs Profiles by objective, and rate
2010 Objective 2005 Rate*
0.9/100,000 0.31/100,000

*Cases per 100,000 U.S. population

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005. Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Report, Emerging Infections Program Network, Neisseria meningitidis, 2004.

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