ABCs Report: Group B Streptococcus, 2014

May 5, 2016: Content on this page kept for historical reasons.

Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs): Emerging Infections Program Network

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Surveillance Note

Missing race (n=265) data were multiply imputed using sequential regression imputation methods.

ABCs Areas

California (3 county San Francisco Bay area); Colorado (5 county Denver area); Connecticut (children < 1 year); Georgia (20 county); Maryland; Minnesota; New Mexico; New York (15 county Rochester and Albany areas); Oregon (3 county Portland area); Tennessee (20 counties)

ABCs Population

The surveillance areas represent 33,074,617 persons and 434,908 live births.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics bridged-race vintage 2014 postcensal file and 2012 state vital records

ABCs Case Definition

Invasive group B streptococcal disease: isolation of Group B Streptococcus from a normally sterile site in a resident of a surveillance area in 2014. Early-onset cases occur at < 7 days of age and late-onset occur between 7 and 89 days of age.

ABCs Methodology

ABCs personnel routinely contacted all microbiology laboratories serving acute care hospitals in their area to identify cases. Standardized case report forms that include information on demographic characteristics, clinical syndrome, and outcome of illness were completed for each identified case. Regular laboratory audits assessed completeness of active surveillance and detected additional cases.

Rates of early-onset and late-onset group B streptococcal disease were calculated using live birth estimates for 2012. All other rates were calculated using population estimates for 2014 from the bridged-race vintage 2014 postcensal file. For national estimates of cases, race- and age-specific rates of disease were applied from the aggregate surveillance area to the age and racial distribution of the 2014 U.S. population and to the 2012 live birth estimates for early-onset and late-onset disease. Cases with missing data, excluding ethnicity, were multiply imputed using sequential regression imputation methods.

Reported ABCs Profiles

Reported ABCs Profiles
Race No. (Rate*)
White 2,021 (8.4)
Black 681 (11.3)
Other 184 (6.0)

* Per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by ethnicity, number, rate
Ethnicity No. (Rate*)
Hispanic 221 (5.0)
Non-Hispanic 1,974
Unknown 692

* Per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by age, cases, and deaths
Age (years) Cases
No. (Rate*)
Deaths
No. (Rate*)
< 1 270 (60.6) 19 (4.26)
1 2 (0.5) 0 (0.00)
2-4 3 (0.2) 0 (0.00)
5-17 9 (0.2) 0 (0.00)
18-34 178 (2.3) 6 (0.08)
35-49 387 (5.8) 17 (0.25)
50-64 841 (12.9) 52 (0.80)
65-74 541 (21.1) 26 (1.01)
75-84 413 (33.1) 29 (2.32)
≥ 85 242 (41.8) 23 (3.97)
Total 2,886 (8.7) 172 (0.52)

* Per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by race and onset
Race Early-Onset
No. (Rate*)
Late-Onset
No. (Rate*)
White 60 (0.20) 62 (0.21)
Black 48 (0.52) 60 (0.65)
Other 8 (0.19) 11 (0.26)
Total 116 (0.27) 133 (0.31)

* Per 1,000 live birth for ABCs areas

National Estimates of Invasive Disease

Early Onset Cases: 990 (0.25/1,000 live births)
Late Onset Cases: 1,110 (0.28/1,000 live births)
Total Cases: 28,000 (8.8/100,000 population)
Deaths: 1,660 (0.52/100,000 population)

Healthy People 2020 Update

Early-Onset Disease

Objective: Decrease the incidence of invasive early-onset group B streptococcal disease to 0.25 cases per 1,000 live births.

Reported ABCs Profiles by race objective, and rate
Race 2020 Objective 2014 Rate*
White 0.25/1,000 0.20/1,000
Black 0.25/1,000 0.52/1,000
Other 0.25/1,000 0.19/1,000
Total 0.25/1,000 0.25/1,000

* Per 1,000 U.S. live births

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2014. Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Report, Emerging Infections Program Network, Group B Streptococcus, 2014.

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