ABCs Report: group B Streptococcus, 2007

March 19, 2012: Content on this page kept for historical reasons.

Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs): Emerging Infections Program Network

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ABCs Areas

California (3 county San Francisco Bay area); Colorado (children < 1 year in 5 county Denver area); Connecticut (children < 1 year); Georgia (20 county Metro area); Maryland; Minnesota; New Mexico; New York (15 county Rochester and Albany areas); Oregon (3 county Portland area); Tennessee (11 urban counties)

ABCs Population

The surveillance areas represent 28,064,866 persons and 470,646 live births. Source: National Center for Health Statistics bridged-race vintage 2007 postcensal file and 2006 state vital records

ABCs Case Definition

Invasive group B streptococcal disease: isolation of group B streptococcus from a normally sterile site in a resident of a surveillance area in 2007. Early-onset cases occur at < 7 days of age and late-onset occur between 7 and 89 days of age.

ABCs Methodology

ABCs personnel routinely contacted all microbiology laboratories serving acute care hospitals in their area to identify cases. Standardized case report forms that include information on demographic characteristics, clinical syndrome, and outcome of illness were completed for each identified case. Regular laboratory audits assessed completeness of active surveillance and detected additional cases.

Rates of early-onset and late-onset group B streptococcal disease were calculated using estimates of live births for 2006. All other rates were calculated using population estimates for 2007. For national estimates of cases, race- and age-specific rates of disease were applied from the aggregate surveillance area to the age and racial distribution of the 2007 U.S. population and to the 2006 live births for early-onset and late-onset disease. Cases with unknown race were distributed by area based on reported race distribution for known cases within the eight age categories.

Reported ABCs Profiles

Reported ABCs Profiles
Race No. (Rate*)
White 1,243 (6.0)
Black 573 (11.1)
Other 124 (5.7)

Unknown race (n=296) distributed amongst known

* Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by ethnicity
Ethnicity No. (Rate*)
Hispanic 128 (4.3)
Non-Hispanic 816 ——
Unknown 996 ——

*Cases per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by age
Age (years) Cases
No. (Rate*)
Deaths
No. (Rate*)
<1 341 (71.43) 27 (5.66)
1 2 (0.51) 0 (0.00)
2-4 2 (0.17) 0 (0.00)
5-17 10 (0.20) 0 (0.00)
18-34 116 (1.80) 3 (0.05)
35-49 274 (4.23) 16 (0.25)
50-64 504 (9.91) 27 (0.53)
≥ 65 691 (21.99) 68 (2.16)
Total 1,940 (6.91) 141 (0.50)

*Cases or deaths per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Reported ABCs Profiles by onset
Race Early-Onset
No. (Rate*)
Late-Onset
No. (Rate*)
White 80 (0.23) 71 (0.21)
Black 76 (0.82) 69 (0.75)
Other 17 (0.51) 12 (0.36)
173 (0.37) 152 (0.32)

Unknown race (n=26 Early-Onset, n=30 Late-Onset) distributed among knowns

* Cases per 1,000 live birth for ABCs areas

National Estimates of Invasive Disease

Early-Onset Cases: 1,450 (0.34/1,000 live births)
Late-Onset Cases: 1,275 (0.30/1,000 live births)
Total Cases: 20,000 (6.63/100,000 population)
Deaths: 1,475 (0.49/100,000 population)

Healthy People 2010 Update

Early-Onset Disease

Objective: Decrease the incidence of invasive early-onset group B streptococcal disease to 0.5 cases per 1,000 live births.

Reported ABCs Profiles by objective
Race 2010 Objective 2007 Rate*
White 0.5/1,000 0.23/1,000
Black 0.5/1,000 0.82/1,000
Other 0.5/1,000 0.51/1,000
Total 0.5/1,000 0.34/1,000

* Cases per 1,000 U.S. live births

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008. Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Report, Emerging Infections Program Network, Group B Streptococcus, 2007.

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Page last reviewed: March 19, 2012 (archived document)