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ABCs Report: Group A Streptococcus, 2015

This webpage is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

March 24, 2016: Content on this page kept for historical reasons.

Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs): Emerging Infections Program Network

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Surveillance Note

Missing race (n=193) data were multiply imputed using sequential regression imputation methods.

ABCs Areas

California (3 county San Francisco Bay area); Colorado (5 county Denver area); Connecticut; Georgia (20 county Atlanta area); Maryland (6 county Baltimore area); Minnesota; New Mexico; New York (15 county Rochester and Albany areas); Oregon (3 county Portland area); Tennessee (20 urban counties)

ABCs Population

The surveillance areas represent 33,711,881 persons.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics bridged-race vintage 2015 postcensal file

ABCs Case Definition

Invasive group A streptococcal disease: isolation of group A Streptococcus from a normally sterile site or from a wound culture accompanied by necrotizing fasciitis or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome in a resident of a surveillance area in 2015.

ABCs Methodology

ABCs personnel routinely contacted all microbiology laboratories serving acute care hospitals in their area to identify cases. Standardized case report forms that include information on demographic characteristics, clinical syndrome, and outcome of illness were completed for each identified case. Strains were emm typed at CDC. Regular laboratory audits assessed completeness of active surveillance and detected additional cases.

All rates of invasive group A streptococcal disease were calculated using population estimates for 2015 from the bridged-race vintage 2015 postcensal file. For national estimates of cases, race and age specific rates of disease were applied from the aggregate surveillance area to the age and racial distribution of the 2015 U.S. population. Cases with missing data, excluding ethnicity, were multiply imputed using sequential regression imputation methods.

Reported ABCs Profiles

Race No. (Rate*)
White 1201 (4.8)
Black 276 (5.0)
Other 144 (4.7)

* Per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Ethnicity No. (Rate*)
Hispanic 184 (4.0)
Non-Hispanic 1116
Unknown 322

* Per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

Age (years) Cases
No. (Rate*)
Deaths
No. (Rate*)
< 1 18 (4.4) 2 (0.49) 
1 17 (4.2) 0 (0.00) 
2-4 38 (3.1) 0 (0.00)
5-17 83 (1.5) 3 (0.05)
18-34 226 (2.8) 9 (0.11)
35-49 319 (4.7) 26 (0.39)
50-64 455 (6.8) 49 (0.73)
65-74 233 (8.5) 24 (0.88)
75-84 136 (10.4) 24 (1.83)
≥ 85 97 (15.6) 24 (3.85) 
Total 1,622 (4.8) 161 (0.48)

* Per 100,000 population for ABCs areas

ABCs Area Most common emm types* % of area isolates
California 82, 1, 92, 89, 49, 12 68.0
Colorado 1, 82, 12, 89, 92, 28 76.6
Connecticut 1, 11, 89, 28, 12, 81 70.2
Georgia 1, 89, 12, 28 64.5
Maryland 1, 89, 3, 4, 75, 77, 28 72.9
Minnesota 1, 89, 12, 28, 4, 3, 77 75.5
New Mexico 59, 89, 1, 12 67.1
New York 1, 89, 12, 28 70.8
Oregon 1, 92, 89, 12, 83, 28, 82 67.0
Tennessee 1, 82, 77, 89, 28 71.7
Total 1, 89, 12, 82, 28 57.1

* Requires ≥3 or more isolates and ≥ 5% of isolates typed

Syndrome No. (%)
Cellulitis 632 (39.0)
Necrotizing fasciitis 122 (7.5)
Pneumonia 228 (14.1)
Primary bacteremia 317 (19.6)
Streptococcal toxic shock 43 (2.7)

Note: Some cases had more than one syndrome.

Potentially preventable invasive group A streptococcal disease

During 2015, 4 cases (age range 25-68 years) of invasive GAS disease was detected in patients with varicella.

National Estimates of Invasive Disease

Cases: 15,540 (4.8/100,000)
Deaths: 1,570 (0.49/100,000)

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2015. Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Report, Emerging Infections Program Network, Group A Streptococcus, 2015.

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