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Fire Fighters spraying water on massive fire

The United States depends on about 1.1 million fire fighters to protect its citizens and property from fire. Approximately 336,000 are career fire fighters, 812,000 are volunteers, and 80 to 100 die in the line of duty each year.

To address this occupational hazard, the NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program conducts independent investigations of fire fighter line-of-duty deaths.


Since the start of 2017, the fire service has seen 4 Line of Duty Deaths resulting from struck-by incidents while working at motor vehicle crash scenes. It is important that training officers regularly review department SOPs, as well as past FFFIPP struck-by reports, with their crews to prevent these incidents. Visit the Emergency Responder Safety Institute website for a variety of resources covering traffic incident management, training and safety. Specific job performance definitions and requirements for Traffic Control Incident Management Personnel can be found in NFPA 1091 Standard for Traffic Control Incident Management Professional Qualifications.

Safety Tip

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Phase in a mandatory comprehensive wellness and fitness program for fire fighters.