Protecting Healthcare Personnel
The resources on this page are intended to support occupational infection prevention and control in healthcare settings and the safety of healthcare personnel, patients, visitors, and others.
For updated resources on COVID-19-specific Infection Prevention and Control information for healthcare personnel, please see:
- Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Healthcare Personnel During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
- Interim Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations to Prevent SARS-CoV-2 Spread in Nursing Homes
- Interim Guidance for Managing Healthcare Personnel with SARS-CoV-2 Infection or Exposure to SARS-CoV-2
Guideline for Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel
The recommendations in this guideline are intended to facilitate the provision of occupational infection prevention and control services to healthcare personnel and prevent transmission of infections between healthcare personnel and others.
Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings 2007
This guideline provides recommendations for precautions to prevent the transmission of pathogens in healthcare settings.
Core Infection Prevention Practices for Safe Healthcare Delivery in all Settings
This document contains CDC’s core infection control practices. These practices are considered standards of care and/or accepted practices (e.g., aseptic technique, hand hygiene before patient contact) for all healthcare settings.
Additional guidance documents containing healthcare infection prevention and control recommendations are available at the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) website and the CDC Infection Prevention Guidelines and Guidance Library website.
Updated US Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis
This guideline provides recommendations for managing occupational exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), including postexposure prophylaxis regimens and timing and duration of follow-up testing.
Infographic: Exposed to HIV? The clock is ticking! Take Action! pdf icon[PDF – 1 Page]
EXPOSED to HIV? the Clock is ticking! Take ACTION! right away…
- Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), medicine you take before you get sick, is recommended for healthcare personnel potentially exposed to HIV.
- PEP should be initiated as soon as possible,
within hours of exposure.
1. Get Evaluated
- Follow your facility’s procedure for reporting your exposure.
- Consult an expert for any occupational exposure to HIV.
- Don’t delay the start of HIV PEP while waiting for an expert consultation.
2. Complete a full course of PEP 4-week course
- Using 3 or more PEP drugs at one time.
- Finish the entire 4-week course.
- Return for evaluation to seek another treatment option if you cannot tolerate PEP.
- Follow-up appointments should begin within 72 hours of an HIV exposure.
- Follow-up should include counseling, baseline and follow-up post-PEP HIV testing, and monitoring for drug toxicity.
Follow-up HIV testing can be completed earlier than 6 months.
- If a newer fourth-generation combination HIV p24 antigen-HIV antibody test is used for follow-up testing, testing may be concluded at 4 months after exposure.
- If a newer testing platform is not available, follow-up testing is typically concluded at 6 months after exposure.
CDC Guidance for Evaluating Health-Care Personnel for Hepatitis B Virus Protection and for Administering Postexposure Management
This guideline provides recommendations for assessing Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) protection in healthcare personnel who were previously vaccinated and evaluating and testing personnel after occupational HBV exposures.
Updated CDC Guidance for Testing and Clinical Management of Health Care Personnel Potentially Exposed to Hepatitis C Virus
This guideline provides recommendations for testing and management of occupational exposures to Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), including duration of follow-up testing.
National Clinicians Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Hotline (PEPline)external icon
This hotline provides clinicians with expert consultation on managing occupational exposures to HIV, HBV, HCV, and other bloodborne pathogens.
Visit the CDC Sharps Safety website for resources to help healthcare facilities prevent needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries to healthcare personnel.
CDC Healthcare Respiratory Protection Resources
This website provides resources including the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) toolkit on requirements for an effective hospital respiratory protection program.
Sequence for Donning and Removing Personal Protective Equipment pdf icon[PDF – 3 Pages]
This poster demonstrates one option for safely donning (putting on) and doffing (removing) PPE.
PPE 103: Training Frontline Health Care Professionals and Auditing Practices pdf icon[PDF – 45 pages]
Reviews strategies to coach and train frontline health care professionals in the use of PPE and strategies for auditing appropriate PPE use to identify gaps and improve PPE adherence. See additional courses at: CDC/STRIVE Infection Control Training.
Immunization of Health-Care Personnel: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) pdf icon[PDF – 48 Pages]
This website contains guidance on recommended immunizations for healthcare personnel from 2011. Please also visit the ACIP homepage for updated recommendations on immunizations for healthcare personnel.
Infection Control Training and Education Resources Webpage
This website includes webinars, training courses, and activities designed to educate healthcare personnel on infection control principles and practices.
Project Firstline: CDC’s National Training Collaborative for Healthcare Infection Control
This website provides resources for frontline healthcare personnel, including educational modules on infection control, injection safety, PPE use, and environmental cleaning and disinfection.
Visit the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Healthcare Worker website for resources on workplace safety for healthcare personnel.
Visit the National Emerging Special Pathogens Training and Education Center (NETEC) websiteexternal icon for resources on healthcare personnel safety when providing care for patients with Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and other special pathogens.