Protecting Healthcare Personnel

The resources on this page are intended to support occupational infection prevention and control in healthcare settings and the safety of healthcare personnel, patients, visitors, and others.

Occupational infection prevention and control:

Guideline for Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel
The recommendations in this guideline are intended to facilitate the provision of occupational infection prevention and control services to healthcare personnel and prevent transmission of infections between healthcare personnel and others.

Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings 2007
This guideline provides recommendations for precautions to prevent the transmission of pathogens in healthcare settings.

Core Infection Prevention Practices for Safe Healthcare Delivery in all Settings
This document contains CDC’s core infection control practices. These practices are  considered standards of care and/or accepted practices (e.g., aseptic technique, hand hygiene before patient contact) for all  healthcare settings.

Additional guidance documents containing healthcare infection prevention and control recommendations are available at the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) website and the CDC Infection Prevention Guidelines and Guidance Library website.

Bloodborne pathogen exposures:

Exposed to HIV? the Clock is ticking! Take ACTION! right away

Updated US Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis
This guideline provides recommendations for managing occupational exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), including postexposure prophylaxis regimens and timing and duration of follow-up testing.
Infographic: Exposed to HIV? The clock is ticking! Take Action! pdf icon[PDF – 1 Page]

CDC Guidance for Evaluating Health-Care Personnel for Hepatitis B Virus Protection and for Administering Postexposure Management
This guideline provides recommendations for assessing Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) protection in healthcare personnel who were previously vaccinated and evaluating and testing personnel after occupational HBV exposures.

Updated CDC Guidance for Testing and Clinical Management of Health Care Personnel Potentially Exposed to Hepatitis C Virus
This guideline provides recommendations for testing and management of occupational exposures to Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), including duration of follow-up testing.

National Clinicians Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Hotline (PEPline)external icon
This hotline provides clinicians with expert consultation on managing occupational exposures to HIV, HBV, HCV, and other bloodborne pathogens.

Visit the CDC Sharps Safety website for resources to help healthcare facilities prevent needlesticks and other sharps-related injuries to healthcare personnel.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

PPE Sequence: 1. Gown, 2. Mask or Respirator, 3. Goggles or FaceShield, 4. Gloves,

CDC Healthcare Respiratory Protection Resources
This website provides resources including the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) toolkit on requirements for an effective hospital respiratory protection program.

Sequence for Donning and Removing Personal Protective Equipment pdf icon[PDF – 3 Pages]
This poster demonstrates one option for safely donning (putting on) and doffing (removing) PPE.

PPE 103: Training Frontline Health Care Professionals and Auditing Practices pdf icon[PDF – 45 pages]
Reviews strategies to coach and train frontline health care professionals in the use of PPE and strategies for auditing appropriate PPE use to identify gaps and improve PPE adherence. See additional courses at: CDC/STRIVE Infection Control Training.

Immunization:

Immunization of Health-Care Personnel: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) pdf icon[PDF – 48 Pages]
This website contains guidance on recommended immunizations for healthcare personnel from 2011. Please also visit the ACIP homepage for updated recommendations on immunizations for healthcare personnel.

Education and Training:

Infection Control Training and Education Resources Webpage
This website includes webinars, training courses, and activities designed to educate healthcare personnel on infection control principles and practices.

Project Firstline: CDC’s National Training Collaborative for Healthcare Infection Control
This website provides resources for frontline healthcare personnel, including educational modules on infection control, injection safety, PPE use, and environmental cleaning and disinfection.

Additional Resources

Visit the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Healthcare Worker website for resources on workplace safety for healthcare personnel.

Visit the National Emerging Special Pathogens Training and Education Center (NETEC) websiteexternal icon for resources on healthcare personnel safety when providing care for patients with Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and other special pathogens.