World AIDS Day 2017
December 1 is World AIDS Day, an opportunity to unite in our efforts to stop new HIV infections, support those affected by HIV, and remember those who have lost their lives to HIV-related diseases.
This year’s theme, Increasing Impact through Transparency, Accountability, and Partnerships, challenges us to work together to accelerate progress toward ending HIV as a public health threat around the world. Since the beginning of the epidemic, partnerships among governments, multilateral institutions, the private sector, community-based organizations, and many others have been key to the programs and scientific achievements that have brought us to this moment—we now have the tools needed to control the epidemic and lay the groundwork for ending this disease. To reach that goal, we must continue to strengthen our partnerships, be accountable in using resources as efficiently and effectively as possible, and be transparent in making sure our work delivers the results we need.
On this World AIDS Day, CDC is releasing new data affirming that global efforts to end HIV are working. Recent data demonstrate strong progress against HIV, but achieving epidemic control requires focusing on those groups at greatest risk for transmitting and acquiring the virus. CDC and partners are on the front lines working to accelerate efforts to reach the most vulnerable populations with targeted HIV prevention and treatment.
CDC is working with partners in the U.S. and around the world to achieve a future free of HIV.
Our Global Response
Today, an estimated 36.7 million people are living with HIV worldwide.* Global efforts have resulted in 19.5 million people worldwide receiving lifesaving antiretroviral treatment as of September 30, 2017.* Since the peak of the epidemic in 2005, annual AIDS-related deaths have declined by 48%.*
However, much work remains. In 2016, 1.8 million people were newly infected with HIV, and 1 million people died of AIDS-related causes. We urgently need to do more. We cannot stop now.
As a key implementer of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC plays a unique role—bringing a combination of scientific and technical expertise and on-the-ground experience to bear in the fight against HIV. CDC’s Division of Global HIV & TB continues to lead the way [3.16 MB] in HIV prevention and treatment abroad, using innovation and data-driven approaches to help accelerate progress toward epidemic control and, ultimately, save lives.
As part of PEPFAR, CDC has supported:
- 45.4 million people receiving HIV testing and counseling in fiscal year 2016.**
- 6.4 million men, women, and children taking life-saving antiretroviral treatment as of September 30, 2016, accounting for approximately 1/3 of all people on treatment worldwide.**
- 6 million voluntary medical male circumcisions to date through September 30, 2016, which accounts for more than half of all male circumcisions provided through PEPFAR to date.**
- 3.5 million HIV-positive people in care screened for tuberculosis in fiscal year 2016.**
To learn more about global HIV efforts, visit DGHT’s World AIDS Day landing page.
World AIDS Day is a day to unite to end HIV.
Our Domestic Response
HIV is declining overall in the United States. Annual new diagnoses decreased 5% from 2011 to 2015, with greater declines among some groups, such as heterosexuals, people who inject drugs, and white gay and bisexual men. Despite this improvement, 39,782 people received an HIV diagnosis in 2016, and diagnoses have increased among some Americans, such as Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men.
An estimated 1.1 million people are living with HIV, and 1 in 7 don’t know it. People who don’t know they have HIV can’t take advantage of the lifesaving treatment that could keep them healthy and protect their partners. Yet many people in the United States have HIV for years before their infection is diagnosed. CDC’s latest Vital Signs reports that half of the people who received an HIV diagnosis in 2015 had been living with HIV 3 years or more. We need to work together to increase HIV testing, diagnose HIV sooner, and link people to treatment quickly if they are living with HIV.
CDC recommends that everyone in the United States aged 13-64 get tested at least once as part of routine medical care. People at high risk for HIV should get tested at least once a year. Some sexually active gay and bisexual men may benefit from more frequent testing (e.g., every 3 to 6 months).
CDC will continue working across the spectrum of partners to expand HIV testing and focus U.S. prevention efforts on the populations most at risk. Some of CDC’s prevention activities include:
- Providing funding and technical assistance to health departments and community-based organizations.
- Conducting HIV surveillance and prevention research.
- Developing guidelines for HIV treatment, prevention, surveillance, and laboratory procedures.
- Evaluating prevention programs.
- Providing training and capacity building assistance in HIV prevention interventions and strategies.
- Using strategic communications and social marketing to provide accurate information about HIV and influence behavior through web publications, Act Against AIDS communications campaigns, and other products.
Together we have made great progress in controlling the HIV epidemic in many countries, including the United States. But there is much more to do to extend this progress and ultimately end the worldwide epidemic. On this 30th World AIDS Day, CDC remains committed to continuing the momentum toward global epidemic control and a future where HIV is no longer a public health threat.
**U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
- Page last reviewed: November 30, 2017
- Page last updated: November 30, 2017
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