Advice for Safe and Healthy Travel for Students
Prepare for a safe and healthy study abroad experience by following CDC's travel health tips for students.
Missing out on a unique cultural experience because you're stuck in bed with a travel-related illness or injury is probably not part of your plan for a great study-abroad experience. Fortunately, CDC is here to help! We've put together a "study guide" to help you prepare for safe and healthy travel.
Prepare for Travel
Visit the CDC Travelers' Health website to learn about the health risks at your destination. Make an appointment with a doctor familiar with travel medicine, ideally at least 4–6 weeks before you leave. The doctor will review your medical history to make sure you get the right vaccinations, medicines, and information on safety. You should be up to date on all routine vaccinations (such as influenza, measles/mumps/rubella, and polio), and you may need other travel-related vaccines. If your study-abroad program lasts several months, you'll want to make sure that you've gotten all your routine health check-ups, like seeing your dentist, because the quality of dental and medical care may be different in host countries or more expensive than in the United States.
A lesson in good health.
Before you leave, register with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program so that the Department of State can better assist you in an emergency. Visit Doctors/Hospitals Abroad to identify health care resources in the country where you will be living. Learn basic first aid and pack a travel health kit so you can treat any minor ailments yourself. If you take a medicine regularly, make sure you have enough for the length of your trip.
You'll also want to make sure that you have travel health insurance and possibly evacuation insurance in case you need medical care during your study-abroad program. Visit the Department of State's Medical Insurance page for some helpful tips and a list of companies that provide this type of insurance.
The Center for Global Education is another excellent resource that can help you prepare for your study-abroad program.
Protect Your Health Abroad
Wash your hands with soap and clean water or use an alcohol-based hand cleaner before you eat, after you cough or sneeze, and after you use the bathroom. In developing countries, be careful about food and water: eat fully cooked food that is served hot or fruits and vegetables you can wash or peel yourself. Drink only bottled, sealed water or water that has been boiled, and avoid ice.
In tropical and subtropical countries, diseases spread by insects may be common. For example, the Zika virus is spread primarily by mosquitoes but can also be spread by having sex. Use an insect repellent and wear long pants and sleeves to protect yourself from bug bites. Use condoms if you have sex to prevent the spread of Zika as well as infections such as HIV and hepatitis B. Because these infections are spread by blood and bodily fluids, don't get tattoos or body piercings.
After You Come Home
After you return from your trip abroad, get medical attention right away if you aren't feeling well or have been injured. It is especially important to see a doctor if you have a fever, rash, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other unusual symptoms. If you are returning from an area where malaria is a risk and become sick with a fever or flu-like illness for up to 1 year after you return, see a doctor immediately, and tell him or her that you have traveled to a place where malaria is present.
- Page last reviewed: November 9, 2016
- Page last updated: November 9, 2016
- Content source:
- National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases and National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine
- Page maintained by: Office of the Associate Director for Communication, Digital Media Branch, Division of Public Affairs