Advice for Safe and Healthy Travel for Students
Planning to study abroad, but don’t know how to start preparing for your trip? Use this guide from CDC Travelers’ Health to help you get ready for safe and healthy travel.
You’ve decided to study abroad. You have your program dates confirmed, and your flight is booked—now what? Spending a semester abroad can be a thrilling and memorable experience. See below for ways to prevent travel-related illnesses or injuries and ensure you enjoy yourself!
Before You Go
- Learn about health and safety concerns in your host country, including other countries you may plan to visit while you’re there.
Make an appointment with a travel medicine specialist or your health care provider to get needed vaccines and medicines at least a month before you leave.
- CDC recommends all travelers be up to date on routine vaccines, such as influenza and measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). This year there are measles outbreaks in many popular destinations. Make sure you get vaccinated. Don’t go unprotected!
- Discuss your itinerary with your health care provider to make sure you get any destination-specific vaccines and medicines, such as yellow fever vaccine or medicine to prevent malaria.
- Get all your routine health checkups, such as seeing your dentist, before you leave, because the quality of dental and medical care may be different in host countries or more expensive than in the United States.
Pack a travel health kit with your prescriptions and over-the-counter medicines (enough to last your whole trip, plus a little extra), first aid supplies, condoms, and your health insurance card.
- Make sure your medicines are permitted and properly packaged and stored for travel to your destination. Medicines commonly prescribed in the United States may be prohibited or unavailable in the host country.
- Pack your medicines in your carry-on luggage. You don’t want to be stuck without them if your suitcase gets lost!
Monitor travel warnings and alertsexternal icon at your destination(s) through the US Department of State website.
- Enroll with the nearest US embassy or consulate through the Smart Traveler Enrollment Programexternal icon (STEP) to get safety updates and phone numbers in the event of an emergency.
Prepare for the unexpected.
- Leave copies of your itinerary, contact information, credit cards, passport, and proof of school enrollment with someone at home, in case you lose them during travel.
- Find out if your health insurance covers medical care abroad—many plans don’t! Consider buying additional insurance that covers health care and emergency evacuation.
- Studying abroad may result in culture shock, loneliness, or stress. Discuss coping mechanisms, make a plan for who to contact if issues arise while abroad, and tell your health care provider about any existing mental health issues.
During Your Trip
Follow security and safety guidelines.
- Follow all local laws and social customs (including standards of dress and cultural norms). Remember, while in your host country, you are subject to its laws.
- Be familiar with and follow your educational institution’s study-abroad code of conduct.
- Do not wear expensive clothing or jewelry, to avoid the risk of theft or loss.
- Don’t travel alone at night; travel with a companion if possible. Avoid dark alleys or other questionable areas.
- Carry a photocopy of your passport and entry stamp; leave the actual passport in a secure place, such as a safe at your accommodation.
- Carry the contact information for the nearest US embassy or consulateexternal icon with you.
Be careful when indulging in the local cuisine. If you’re visiting a developing country:
- Eat only food that has been fully cooked and served hot.
- Do not eat fresh vegetables or fruits unless you can peel them yourself.
- Drink only bottled, sealed beverages, and avoid ice—it was likely made with tap water.
- Use condoms every time you have vaginal, oral, or anal sex to reduce your risk of sexually transmitted infections.
Prevent insect bites if visiting during warmer months. Using insect repellent can protect you from serious diseases spread by insects in many destinations, such as Zika, dengue, and malaria.
- Use an EPA-registered insect repellent with one of the following ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, para-menthane-diol, or 2-undecanone.
- Apply sunscreen first, then insect repellent. Be sure to follow instructions on the label and reapply as directed.
- Don’t misuse alcohol or other drugs. Misuse may increase your risk of accidents or injuries, which have serious health consequences. It can also make you a target for crime.
- Use a reputable travel guide or tour company if you plan on doing any adventure travel activities like reef diving, surfing, or zip-lining.
Always wear seat belts and choose safe transportation. Motor vehicle crashes are the #1 cause of death among healthy US citizens in foreign countries.
- Use marked taxis or ride-sharing vehicles.
- Be alert when crossing the street, especially in countries where people drive on the left.
- Avoid overcrowded, overweight, or top-heavy buses or vans.
- Seek health care immediately if you feel sick or get injured during your trip. For more information, see Getting Health Care Abroad.
After You Come Home
If you are not feeling well after you come home, you may need to see a doctor. Some travel-related illnesses may not cause symptoms until after you get home.
- If you need help finding a travel medicine specialist, find a clinic here.
- Be sure to tell your doctor about your travel, including where you went and what you did on your trip. This information will help your doctor consider infections that are rare or not found in the United States.
- If you become sick with a fever or flu-like illness up to 1 year after returning from an area where malaria is a risk, see a doctor immediately. Tell him or her that you have traveled to a place where malaria is present.