Get Active and Healthy this National Minority Health Month!
April is National Minority Health MonthExternal. Learn what you, your family, and community can do to get active and stay healthy.
Physical activity is one of the best things people can do to improve their health. Yet, too few Americans get the recommended amount of physical activity. Only 1 in 4 adults and 1 in 5 high school students fully meet physical activity guidelines for aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. These numbers are even lower among adults in some racial and ethnic minority populations.
Physical activity promotes health and reduces the risk of chronic diseases and other conditions that are often more common and more severe among racial and ethnic minority groups. Physical activity also fosters normal growth and development in children, improves mental health, and can make people feel better, function better, and sleep better.
How much physical activity do I need?
The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans outlines the amounts and types of physical activity needed to maintain or improve overall health and reduce the risk of chronic disease. The guidelines recommend that adults each week get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as a brisk walk that makes your heart beat faster. You could get this amount many different ways including a 22-minute walk each day or a 30-minute walk five days a week. Every little bit counts.
How much physical activity do children need?
Preschool-aged children should do physical activity every day throughout the day for healthy growth and development. Children and adolescents starting at age 6 should participate in at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity daily. Remember that children imitate adults. You can start by adding physical activity to your own daily routine and encouraging your child to join you.
How can communities help people stay active?
Communities can create easy and safe options for physical activity that can help every American be more active where they live, learn, work, and play. The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program is one of the only CDC programs that focuses on reducing chronic disease for specific racial and ethnic groups in urban, rural, and tribal communities with high disease burden across the United States. Since 1999, REACH has demonstrated that locally based and culturally tailored efforts can be effective in closing health gaps. Read some examples of REACH communities that have made it easier for people to be active:
- Parks Rx Program: The University of Alabama Birmingham’s (UAB’s) Minority Health & Health Disparities Research Center teamed up with 23 health care providers to develop Parks RxExternal. Using Parks Rx pads (available in both Spanish and English), providers prescribe physical activity to their patients and direct them to the Parks Rx website. The website includes an interactive map where patients can search by zip code to find more than 140 local parks and green spaces for physical activity. Learn more.
- Pow Wow Sweat:
“Eat. Do. Honor. The qhest life is the best life because it’s life based on our long-held traditions of health and wellness.” –Qhest Life
- To increase opportunities for physical activity in Native American communities, the Coeur d’Alene tribe in Plummer, Idaho, launched the Pow Wow Sweat programExternal with a series of aerobic videos featuring traditional dances with a modern twist. The tribe provides no cost ready-to-use videos online and on DVD for people to use in their own communities. Learn more.
How can I help people become more physically active?
April is National Minority Health Month and the theme this year is “Active and Healthy”. The U.S Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health (OMH)External along with CDC’s Office of Minority Health and Health Equity (OMHHE) and Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity (DNPAO) invite you to advance health equity by sharing why physical activity matters and the benefits of physical activity. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd editionExternal, outlines the amounts and types of physical activity needed to maintain or improve overall health and reduce the risk of chronic disease. Additionally, the Move Your Way campaignExternal provides resources to help further explain the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
Visit DNPAO’s website for more information on why physical activity matters, what CDC is doing to build activity-friendly communities, and how CDC’s work is making a difference.
“Without health and long life, all else fails.”
– Dr. Booker T. Washington
Recognizing that health is the key to progress and equity in all other things, Dr. Booker T. Washington proposed the observance of “National Negro Health Week” in April 1915. He called on local health departments, schools, churches, businesses, professional associations, and the most influential organizations in the African-American community to “pull together” and “unite… in one great National Health Movement.” That observance grew into what is today a month-long initiative to advance health equity across the country on behalf of all racial and ethnic minorities. – National Minority Health MonthExternal.
What is Health Equity? Health equity is when everyone has the opportunity to be as healthy as possible.
What Are Health Disparities? Health disparities are differences in health outcomes and their causes among groups of people. For example, African American children are more likely to die from asthma compared to non-Hispanic white children. Reducing health disparities creates better health for all Americans.
Why is Health Equity Important? Health is central to human happiness and well-being and is affected by where people live, learn, work, and play. According to the World Health Organization, health also makes an important contribution to economic progress.
What does CDC’s Office of Minority Health and Health Equity (OMHHE) do? OMHHE’s mission is to advance health equity and women’s health issues across the nation through CDC’s science and programs, and increase CDC’s capacity to leverage its diverse workforce and engage stakeholders toward this end.
- CDC Office of Minority Health & Health Equity
- CDC Health Disparities & Inequalities Report
- Vital Signs: African American Health
- Vital Signs: Hispanic Health Vital Signs
- Disability & Health
- Farmworker Health
- Health Disparities in Cancer
- Healthy People 2020: Social Determinants of Health Topic AreaExternal
- Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Resources
- Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities
- Tobacco-Related Disparities
- Tribal Support
- Women’s Health