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Smoking and Tobacco

Below are links to information related to smoking and tobacco use. Click on the tabs or scroll down to view general information and programs, research, statistics and guidelines on this topic.

Research, Recommendations and Guidelines


Employment and Activity Limitations Among Adults with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease — United States, 2013
Women were more likely to report COPD than men (6.6% compared with 5.4%). Smokers who have been diagnosed with COPD are encouraged to quit smoking, which can slow the progression of the disease and reduce mobility impairment.

Tips from Former Smokers: Meet Julia, Marlene, Tiffany, and Kristy, and Mark
CDC launched its 2015 “Tips From Former Smokers” campaign with a series of powerful new ads featuring former smokers who suffer from smoking-related illnesses, including vision loss and colorectal cancer.

Fact Sheets on Women, Smoking, and Reproductive Health
Numerous fact sheets are now available and provide information taken from Surgeon General's Reports about smoking. Two fact sheets address smoking risks for women: Women and Smoking, and Smoking and Reproduction.

#20Million Memorial
This online memorial honors an estimated 20 million deaths due to smoking – spouses, mothers, fathers, children, sisters, brothers, friends, – who we have lost.

CDC's Tips From Former Smokers Campaign Provided Outstanding Return on Investment
The 2012 Tips From Former Smokers campaign spent only $480 per smoker who quit and $393 per year of life saved, according to an analysis by CDC. The results were published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults — United States, 2005–2013
Current cigarette smoking among U.S. adults declined from 20.9% in 2005 to 17.8% (42.1 million) in 2013. In 2013, current cigarette smoking prevalence was higher among males (20.5%) than females (15.3%).

Discussions Between Health Care Providers and Their Patients Who Smoke Cigarettes
Younger female smokers (aged 18–24 and 25–44) were less likely than older female smokers (aged 45–64 and 65 and over) to have had a doctor or other health professional talk to them about their smoking in the past 12 months.


Almost $500 Million Could be Saved Annually by Making Subsidized Housing Smoke-free
The total cost saved comprises of about $310 million in secondhand smoke-related health care, $134 million in renovation expenses, and $53 million in smoking-attributable fire losses. The range of cost savings for states from prohibiting smoking in public housing alone range from $130,000 in Wyoming to $58 million in New York.

Information for Health Care Providers and Public Health Professionals: Preventing Tobacco Use During Pregnancy

Smoking Can Cause Clefts
CDC urges women to quit smoking before pregnancy to reduce the risk of clefts of the lip or palate in babies. For free help quitting, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).

Tobacco Product Use Among Adults — United States, 2012–2013
By sex, prevalence of any tobacco use every day or some days was higher among men (26.2%) than women (15.4%). By sexual orientation, prevalence was higher among lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) adults (30.8%) than heterosexual/straight adults (20.5%).

Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2012
In 2012, an estimated 18.1% (42.1 million) of U.S. adults were current cigarette smokers. In 2012, prevalence was significantly higher among males (20.5%) than females (15.8%).

50th Anniversary of the First Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health
The report provides a retrospective of the past 50 years of tobacco use prevention and control efforts, and includes newly documented health consequences of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.

Your New Year Quit Smoking Plan 
Many smokers use the New Year's holiday as motivation to quit. To reach these smokers and to support tobacco control programs, CDC has resources to help make this healthy New Year's resolution a reality.


Trends in Smoking Before, During, and After Pregnancy — Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, United States, 40 Sites, 2000–2010
For the majority of sites, smoking prevalence before, during, or after pregnancy did not change over time. The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy decreased from 13.3% in 2000 to 12.3% in 2010, and the prevalence of smoking after delivery decreased from 18.6% in 2000 to 17.2% in 2010.

Recommendations Regarding Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure from the Community Preventive Services Task Force
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends mass-reach health communication interventions to reduce tobacco use and has posted new information about its systematic review.

Vital Signs: Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years with Mental Illness - United States, 2009–2011
Prevalence of current smoking among adults with mental illness was higher among men (39.6%) than women (33.8%)