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Smoking and Tobacco

Below are links to information related to smoking and tobacco use. Click on the right menu or scroll down to view general information and programs, research, statistics and guidelines on this topic.

Research, Recommendations and Guidelines


Almost $500 Million Could be Saved Annually by Making Subsidized Housing Smoke-free
The total cost saved comprises of about $310 million in secondhand smoke-related health care, $134 million in renovation expenses, and $53 million in smoking-attributable fire losses. The range of cost savings for states from prohibiting smoking in public housing alone range from $130,000 in Wyoming to $58 million in New York.

Information for Health Care Providers and Public Health Professionals: Preventing Tobacco Use During Pregnancy

Smoking Can Cause Clefts
CDC urges women to quit smoking before pregnancy to reduce the risk of clefts of the lip or palate in babies. For free help quitting, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).

Tobacco Product Use Among Adults — United States, 2012–2013
By sex, prevalence of any tobacco use every day or some days was higher among men (26.2%) than women (15.4%). By sexual orientation, prevalence was higher among lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) adults (30.8%) than heterosexual/straight adults (20.5%).

Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2012
In 2012, an estimated 18.1% (42.1 million) of U.S. adults were current cigarette smokers. In 2012, prevalence was significantly higher among males (20.5%) than females (15.8%).

50th Anniversary of the First Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health
The report provides a retrospective of the past 50 years of tobacco use prevention and control efforts, and includes newly documented health consequences of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.

Your New Year Quit Smoking Plan
Many smokers use the New Year's holiday as motivation to quit. To reach these smokers and to support tobacco control programs, CDC has resources to help make this healthy New Year's resolution a reality.


Trends in Smoking Before, During, and After Pregnancy — Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, United States, 40 Sites, 2000–2010
For the majority of sites, smoking prevalence before, during, or after pregnancy did not change over time. The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy decreased from 13.3% in 2000 to 12.3% in 2010, and the prevalence of smoking after delivery decreased from 18.6% in 2000 to 17.2% in 2010.

Recommendations Regarding Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure from the Community Preventive Services Task Force
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends mass-reach health communication interventions to reduce tobacco use and has posted new information about its systematic review.

Vital Signs: Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years with Mental Illness - United States, 2009–2011
Prevalence of current smoking among adults with mental illness was higher among men (39.6%) than women (33.8%)


Not Quite So Different Video (8/30/2012)
Two women, different on the surface, discover that they may both suffer from similar health problems in the future, because they are both smokers. This video, created by William Bowman, was the first runner up winner in the 18-25 age category of the Surgeon General's Video Contest: Tobacco - I'm Not Buying It.

2012 Surgeon General's Report--Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults (3/30/2012)
This Surgeon General’s report examines in detail the epidemiology, health effects, and causes of tobacco use among youth ages 12 through 17 and young adults ages 18 through 25. This report also highlights the efficacy of strategies to prevent young people from using tobacco.

Tips for Former Smokers (3/30/2012)
The Tips from Former Smokers campaign features real people suffering as a result of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. Their compelling stories send a powerful message: Quit smoking now. Or better yet -- don’t start.

CDC Ad Campaign Reveals Harsh Reality of Smoking-Related Diseases (3/30/2012)
A hard-hitting national ad campaign that depicts the harsh reality of illness and damage suffered as a result of smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke was launched by CDC. Beginning Monday, March 19, ads will run for at least 12 weeks on television, radio, and billboards, online, and in theaters, magazines, and newspapers nationwide.


Smoking Cessation for Pregnancy and Beyond (12/29/2011)
This is an interactive Web-based program designed for health care professionals to hone their skills in assisting pregnant women to quit smoking. Up to 4 hours of continuing education credits can be earned by completing the practicum.

Lung Cancer Awareness (12/8/2011)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in both men and women. Smoking causes 80 to 90 percent of cases of lung cancer. Don't smoke, and avoid secondhand smoke.

Pregnant? Don’t Smoke. (12/8/2011)
Quitting smoking can be hard, but it is one of the best ways a woman can protect herself and her baby's health. For free help, call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).

Smoking Early in Pregnancy Raises Risk of Heart Defects in Infants (3/30/2011)
The study found an association between tobacco exposure and certain types of defects such as those that obstruct the flow of blood from the right side of the heart into the lungs (right ventricular outflow tract obstructions) and openings between the upper chambers of the heart (atrial septal defects). The study is in the Feb. 28 issue of the journal Pediatrics.

2011: Your Year to Quit Smoking (1/24/2011)
As the New Year begins, determine to make 2011 the year that you quit smoking. Resources are available to help you quit for good this year.

How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General (1/10/2011)
The 2010 Surgeon General's report contains important new information on how tobacco smoke causes disease and explains why it is crucial to stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke. The report explains how smoking harms reproduction and children's health. It discusses how smoking reduces a woman's chance of getting pregnant and how it can increase the risk for pregnancy complications, premature delivery, low birth weight infants, stillbirth, and sudden infant death syndrome.

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