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Heart Disease and Stroke

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Research, Recommendations and Guidelines

2014

Strokes
Stroke is the second-leading cause of death for people aged 60 years or older worldwide. Stroke is the 4th leading cause of death and is a leading cause of serious long-term disability in the United States. Women have a higher lifetime risk for stroke than men because they live longer, on average. Women also are more likely to die from a stroke.

Million Hearts and Eating-Well Magazine Launch Heart-healthy Nutrition Resource
The resource center features lower-sodium, heart-healthy recipes and family-friendly meal plans, with an emphasis on managing sodium intake, a major contributor to high blood pressure and heart disease.

Million Hearts: Prevalence of Leading Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors — United States, 2005–2012
Although trends in some measures are encouraging, further reductions of CVD risk factors will be needed to meet Million Hearts goals by 2017. In 2009–2010, prevalence of recommended aspirin use was greater among men (58.5%) than women (48.0%). The prevalence of blood pressure control in 2011–2012 was greater among women (54.6%) than men (48.9%). Mean daily sodium intake was greater among men (4,225 mg) than among women (2,976 mg). In 2011–2012, current tobacco product smoking was greater among men (30.3%) than women (20.4%).

Stroke Awareness
Every year, more than 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke. Although stroke is a leading cause of serious long-term disability, a quick response when the stroke occurs can help minimize brain damage and shorten the recovery period.

Women and Heart Health Awareness
Learn about heart disease in women and how to lower your risk.

2013

Hypertension Among Adults in the United States: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012
Men (80.2%) and women (85.4%) were alike in their awareness of hypertension. More women (80.6%) than men (70.9%) reported taking antihypertensive medication. The percentage of controlled hypertension among adults was higher for women (55.2%) than for men (49.3%).

Total and High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012
A higher percentage of women (14.4%) than men (11.1%) had high total cholesterol, and a higher percentage of women (71.8%) than men (66.9%) had been screened for cholesterol. However, a lower percentage of women (9.0%) than men (26.4%) had low HDL cholesterol.

2012

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and Risk Factors for CVD among Women of Reproductive Age (18-44 years) (10/30/2012)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women. Major risk factors such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol often manifest during the reproductive years (ages 18-44).

World Heart Day 2012: Women and Children at Risk (9/30/2012)
Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. This year, World Heart Day shines a spotlight on those who often go unnoticed when it comes to heart disease: women and children.

Hear Andrea’s Story (video) (3/30/2012)
Andrea once heard her life counted in minutes. She had a heart attack at 35. After surviving, but losing her unborn baby, she is helping to educate other women like her about the signs of heart disease.

CDC Grand Rounds: Dietary Sodium Reduction - Time for Choice (3/8/2012)
Reducing sodium intake to 2,300 mg/day potentially could prevent 11 million cases of hypertension and save billions of dollars in health-care expenditures; reducing sodium intake further would yield additional benefits.

Where’s the Sodium? There's Too Much in Many Common Foods (3/8/2012)
About 90% of Americans eat more sodium than is recommended for a healthy diet.

Be One in a Million this American Heart Month (1/31/2012)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States; one in every three deaths is from heart disease and stroke, equal to 2,200 deaths per day.

2011

Prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease - United States, 2006-2010 (11/3/2011)
Although self-reported CHD prevalence declined overall, substantial differences in prevalence existed by age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, and state of residence.

Million Hearts Goal to Prevent a Million Heart Attacks and Strokes in Five Years (11/3/2011)
Among the actions available today to reduce stroke and heart attacks, Million Hearts seeks to improve clinical care by helping patients learn and follow their ABCS:  aspirin for people at risk, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation.

Genomics and Heart Disease (2/28/2011)
Having close biological relatives with heart disease can increase your risk of developing this disease. Family health history offers important information to help you and your family members understand health risks and prevent disease.

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