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Cancer

Below are links to information related to cancer. Click on the right menu or scroll down to view general information and programs, research, statistics and guidelines on this topic.

Research, Recommendations and Guidelines

2015

A Tan Is Not a Sign of Health: Sharon McKenna, Melanoma Survivor, Shares Her Story Blog
My battle with melanoma began in 2002, after I noticed a small, irregular mole on my lower back.

Prevent Cervical Cancer! Podcast
Cervical cancer can be prevented. Listen as two friends—one a doctor—talk about screening tests and early detection. Learn what test you might need

Invasive Cancer Incidence — Puerto Rico, 2007–2011
Among women the leading sites were breast, colon and rectum, and thyroid (rates of 84, 35, and 29 per 100,000 women, respectively).

Invasive Cancer Incidence and Survival — United States, 2011
By cancer site, rates were highest for cancers of the prostate (128 per 100,000 men), female breast (122 per 100,000 women), lung and bronchus (61 per 100,000 persons), and colon and rectum (40 per 100,000 persons). In 2011, the cervical cancer incidence rate was 7.5 per 100,000 women, representing 12,109 reported cancers.

Inside Knowledge: Get the Facts About Gynecologic Cancer
The Inside Knowledge campaign raises awareness of the five main types of gynecologic cancer: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. Inside Knowledge encourages women to pay attention to their bodies, so they can recognize any warning signs and seek medical care.

Cervical Cancer Awareness
No woman should die of cervical cancer. The most important thing you can do to help prevent cervical cancer is to get screened regularly starting at age 21.

Protect Your Daughters from Cervical Cancer
HPV vaccine can prevent several types of cancers, including cervical cancer. Get HPV vaccine for your sons and daughters at ages 11-12 to protect them from HPV cancers including cervical cancer.

2014

Does Breast or Ovarian Cancer Run in Your Family?
If you have close relatives with breast and/or ovarian cancer, you may be at higher risk for developing these diseases. Learn whether your family health history puts you at higher risk and whether you might benefit from cancer genetic counseling and testing.

Breast Cancer Awareness
Other than skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women. Getting mammograms regularly can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer. Are you worried about the cost? CDC offers free or low-cost mammograms.

1999–2011 Cancer Incidence and Mortality Data
This Web-based report includes the official federal statistics on cancer incidence from registries that have high-quality data and cancer mortality statistics for each year and 2007–2011 combined. It provides state-specific and regional data for cancer cases diagnosed and cancer deaths that occurred each year from 1999 to 2011 and for 2007-2011 combined.

Hereditary Breast & Ovarian Cancer: Awareness, Implementation & Population Screening
Tools for women and clinicians, and information on screening, family history, and going public.  

Millions of Underserved Women in the US have Benefitted from CDC’s Breast and Cervical Screening Program

Knowing BRCA Changed My Life
This blog provides perspectives on a variety of cancer-related topics. This one is written by Debbie Wasserman Schultz.Wasserman Schultz represents Florida’s 23rd District in the U.S. Congress.

Medical Costs and Productivity Losses of Cancer Survivors — United States, 2008–2011
Medical costs (total annual medical expenditures) and productivity loss among cancer survivors were estimated adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, number of MEPS priority conditions, marital status, and education. Cancer survivors were more likely to be female, non-Hispanic white, in fair/poor health and insured and to have multiple chronic conditions compared with persons without a cancer history.

Know:BRCA
Know:BRCA assesses a young woman’s risk of having a BRCA gene mutation based on her family cancer history. She can then share her results with her medical provider. With this essential information, young women and providers can work together to decide next steps, possibly including genetic counseling and testing, screening, and risk reduction.

Recommendations Regarding Skin Cancer Prevention from the Community Preventive Services Task Force - Preventing Skin Cancer: Interventions in Outdoor Recreational and Tourism Settings
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends interventions in outdoor recreational and tourism settings that include skin cancer prevention messages or educational activities for visitors, and may also provide free sunscreen of SPF 15 or greater.

CDC Grand Rounds: Reducing the Burden of HPV-Associated Cancer and Disease
Reducing the burden of HPV-associated cancer and disease through vaccination requires an integrated approach that includes clinical medicine, public health, and public policy.

Lung Cancer Incidence Trends Among Men and Women — United States, 2005–2009
This report shows that differences in lung cancer incidence between men and women narrowed with decreasing age, and that among adults aged <45 years, men had slightly lower rates of lung cancer than women.

Protect Your Daughters from Cervical Cancer
CDC recommends that you get your boys and girls vaccinated at 11 or 12 to prevent cancers caused by HPV. Get your child vaccinated.

Cervical Cancer: The Preventable Gynecologic Cancer
Cervical cancer is highly preventable with regular screening tests and follow-up. It also can be cured when found and treated early. Vaccines are available to protect against the most common cause of cervical cancer, HPV.

New Blog, The Topic Is Cancer
CDC's Division of Cancer Prevention and Control (DCPC) has launched a new blog titled The Topic Is Cancer to provide personal perspectives on cancer-related topics.

2013

Colorectal Cancer Tests Save Lives
Testing saves lives, but only if people get tested. Studies show that people who are able to pick the test they prefer are more likely to actually get the test done. Increasing the use of all recommended colorectal cancer tests can save more lives and is cost-effective.

Breast Cancer Awareness
The best way to find breast cancer early is with a mammogram. If you are a woman age 50 years or older, be sure to have a screening mammogram every two years.

Close the Door to Cancer Video
This 30-second animated video about HPV-related cancers has a positive reminder that with vaccination you can close the door to HPV cancer.

Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer
Having a family history of breast and ovarian cancer affects a woman's risk for developing these diseases. Learn about hereditary risk, and whether you might benefit from cancer genetic counseling and testing.

Investigating Suspected Cancer Clusters and Responding to Community Concerns: Guidelines from CDC and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists
This report augments guidelines published in 1990 for investigating clusters of health events. The 1990 Guidelines considered any noninfectious disease cluster, injuries, birth defects, and previously unrecognized syndromes or illnesses. These new guidelines focus on cancer clusters.

HPV and Oropharyngeal Cancer Fact Sheet
The same types of HPV that infect the genital areas can infect the mouth and throat. HPV found in the mouth and throat is called “oral HPV.”

Inside Knowledge About Gynecologic Cancer
Get the facts about the signs, symptoms, and risk factors of gynecologic cancers. When gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment is most effective.

Prevent Cervical Cancer Infographic
This infographic explains how you can help prevent cervical cancer with the right test at the right time.

Protect Yourself from Breast Cancer Infographic
CDC’s “Protect Yourself from Breast Cancer” infographic lists the things that can increase the chance you'll get breast cancer (risk factors).

Why HPV Vaccine is Important to My Family: The Story of a Cervical Cancer Survivor
A young mom’s world is turned upside-down when she’s diagnosed with cervical cancer. Learn what she’s doing to protect her kids from HPV-related cancers.

The Future of Cancer Screening: Public Health Approaches (video archive)
This session of Grand Rounds explored new ways that public health can increase the rate of evidence-based cancer screening, and decrease disparities in screening rates. Viewers learned about the effectiveness of screening, successful organized cancer screening programs in the United States and abroad, and opportunities with the Affordable Care Act. The session concluded with future directions for CDC and the nation’s public health system to improve cancer screening.

Breast Cancer: What You Need to Know
This new one-page fact sheet briefly explains in plain language what breast cancer is, its symptoms and risk factors, and the best way to prevent it.

Cancer and Women
Every year, cancer claims the lives of more than a quarter of a million women in America. Women can reduce their cancer risk by adopting a healthy lifestyle and getting the right cancer screening tests for their stage of life.

Skin Cancer Awareness: Protect Your Skin
While you enjoy the outdoors this summer, protect yourself from skin cancer by seeking shade, wearing sunglasses, a hat, and sun-protective clothing, and using sunscreen.

Invasive Cancer Incidence - United States, 2009
Among women in 2009, breast cancer was the most common cancer among all racial and ethnic groups, followed by lung, colorectal, and uterine cancers in all racial and ethnic groups, except among Hispanic women, among whom colorectal cancer was more common than lung cancer, and Asian/Pacific Islander women, among whom the most common cancers were colorectal, lung, and thyroid.

2012

Racial Disparities in Breast Cancer Severity — United States, 2005–2009 (10/30/2012)
Early detection and treatment advances have resulted in a decline in breast cancer deaths among U.S. women since 1990; however, all racial groups have not benefited equally. To assess racial disparities in breast cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and mortality, CDC analyzed data for 2005–2009.

Vital Signs: Black Women Have Higher Death Rates from Breast Cancer Than Other Women (10/30/2012)
Black women have the highest death rates of all racial and ethnic groups and are 40% more likely to die of breast cancer than white women.

Breast Cancer: Black Women Need More Timely Follow-up and Improved Access to High-Quality Treatment (10/30/2012)
Learn what you can do to reduce health disparities in black women for breast cancer follow-up, and treatment. Black women get mammograms as often as white women. Black women get follow-up care later than white women. Black women have different treatment experiences than white women.

Increased Risk of Rare Cancer as DES Daughters Age (10/30/2012)
Women who were exposed to DES before they were born should get Pap tests Pap tests to screen for cervical cancer more often than other women, and cell samples should be taken from the upper vagina for testing.

Breast Cancer and Women with Disabilities (10/30/2012)
Studies show higher rates of death related to breast cancer among women with a disability, even when diagnosed at the same stage as women without a disability. Having regular mammograms can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Awareness (10/30/2012)
The best way to find breast cancer early is with a mammogram. If you are a woman age 50 years or older, be sure to have a screening mammogram every two years.

Updated Cervical Cancer Screening Brochure (9/30/2012)
Cervical Cancer Screening with the HPV Test and the Pap Test in Women Ages 30 and Older: When to Get Tested and How to Make Sense of Your Test Results  explains what cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) are and what Pap and HPV test results mean.

The Right To Know Campaign:  Breast Cancer Screening (9/30/2012)
CDCs’ The Right to Know campaign is a health promotion campaign about breast cancer screening that was developed specifically for women with disabilities. The updated promotional materials highlight the latest breast cancer screening recommendations while sharing stories and advice from survivors.

Updated Community Preventive Service Task Force Findings (8/30/2012)
Based on these findings, the Task Force now recommends interventions using one-on-one education to increase colorectal cancer screening with fecal occult blood testing, and group education to increase mammography screening for breast cancer.  In both cases, the strength of evidence was upgraded from "insufficient evidence” to “sufficient evidence."

Use of Selected Clinical Preventive Services Among Adults - United States, 2007-2010: Breast Cancer Screening Among Adult Women (6/30/2012)
In 2010, an estimated 75.4% women aged ≥40 years and 79.7% of women aged 50-74 years reported having a mammogram within the past 2 years. Women who reported the highest prevalence of mammography use were those aged 60-69 years (81.3%) and 70-74 years (82.4%), non-Hispanic blacks (78.6%), those with college graduate or higher level of education (80.8%), those whose annual household income was ≥$75,000 (83.8%), those with health insurance (78.6%), and those with a usual source of health care (78.3%).

Colorectal Cancer Awareness (3/302012)
The risk of getting colorectal cancer increases with age. More than 90% of cases occur in people who are 50 years old or older. Colorectal cancer screening saves lives, but many people are not being screened according to national guidelines.

Cancer Screening - United States, 2010 (1/31/2012)
The population-based estimates in this report show a slight downward trend in the proportion of women up-to-date with screening for cervical cancer but no change over time in breast cancer screening rates.

Surveillance of Demographic Characteristics and Health Behaviors Among Adult Cancer Survivors - Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2009 (1/31/2012)
A greater proportion of women (8.4%) than men (6.0%) reported ever receiving a diagnosis of cancer. Among women, the most common primary cancer types were breast (32.4%); cervix, uterus, ovary (24.8%); and melanoma (9.6%).

Cervical Cancer: The Preventable Gynecologic Cancer (1/31/2012)
Most cases of cervical cancer are easily preventable with regular screening tests and follow-up. It also is highly curable when found and treated early. Now vaccines are available to protect against the most common cause of cervical cancer.

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