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Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

Below are links to information related to birth defects and developmental disabilities. Click on the right menu or scroll down to view general information and programs, research, statistics and guidelines on this topic.

Research, Recommendations and Guidelines


Birth Defects are Common
Every 4 ½ minutes, a baby is born with a birth defect in the United States? Help increase awareness in your community.

Key Findings: Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Defects
Researchers from CDC and the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) found that 15% of women reported that they first learned about their baby’s congenital heart defect (CHD) during pregnancy (called a prenatal diagnosis). Many times it is critical that a baby receives their CHD diagnosis during the mother’s pregnancy to reduce serious complications after the baby is born.


Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer Screening
Studies show that women with disabilities are less likely than women without disabilities to have received a mammogram in the past two years. They are also less likely to receive routine clinical preventive services. CDC, along with its partners, is working to improve mammography use among women with disabilities.


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (12/29/2011)
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. Learn more about signs, treatments, and what you can do about FASDs.

Women with Disabilities and Breast Cancer (11/3/2011)
Women with disabilities are also at risk of breast cancer. If you are between 40-49, talk with your doctor about getting a mammogram. If you're 50-74, get a mammogram every 2 years.

Mammography Use and Women with Disabilities (6/15/2011)
This fact sheet provides state, district and territory based health indicator data to demonstrate health disparities among people with disabilities. In most states, there is a difference in mammography rates by disability status, suggesting a disparity in access to preventive services.

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