Application: Applied Public Health Research
CDC/VHI uses the knowledge gained from epidemiology, surveillance, economic concept, and health services research to conduct applied public health research to understand the consequences and costs of vision loss as well as to develop evidence- based, cost-effective interventions to address the problem.
Economic studies estimate the cost of vision loss and eye diseases to individuals and their families as well as to extended family care-givers and third party payers, the health care system, and society. Intervention effectiveness studies evaluate the evidence, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of prevention and treatment interventions. Behavioral and systems research increase understanding of barriers and facilitators to access and use vision care services. Other CDC/VHI activities include the following:
- Assessing the effects of vision loss on labor market participation, health, and health behaviors.
- Increasing the understanding of access and use of vision care services.
- Estimating the cost of vision loss and eye diseases to individuals and their families as well as to extended family caregivers, insurance, health care system, and society.
- Evaluating the impact of vision loss and eye diseases on individual's and caregivers’ quality of life.
- Evaluating the application of behavior change models to utilization of care and health care provider practice.
Translational research moves scientific evidence into public health practice and health program strategies by identifying, developing, and disseminating evidence-based, cost-effective interventions and strategies to—
- Improve access to eye care.
- Reduce health disparities among high-risk groups, improve overall quality of life
- Promote the health of people who are at risk or experience vision loss.
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