Vaccines and Preventable Diseases:
Who Needs Chickenpox Vaccine
Children under age 13 years should get two doses
- First dose at age 12 through 15 months
- Second dose at age 4 through 6 years
The second dose may be given at an earlier age if it is given at least 3 months after the first dose.
People 13 years of age and older who have never had chickenpox or received chickenpox vaccine should get two doses, at least 28 days apart.
Chickenpox vaccination is especially important for—
- Healthcare professionals
- People who care for or are around others with weakened immune systems
- Child care workers
- Residents and staff in nursing homes and residential settings
- College students
- Inmates and staff of correctional institutions
- Military personnel
- Non-pregnant women of child-bearing age
- Adolescents and adults living with children
- International travelers
To check if you are protected from chickenpox, see Immunity (Protection) Against Chickenpox.
Some people with weakened immune systems who do not have immunity against chickenpox may be considered for vaccination after talking with their doctor, including people—
- with HIV-infection
- with cancer, but whose disease is in remission
- on low or high-dose steroids
For more information on vaccination of people with weakened immune systems, see Vaccination Recommendations for Specific Populations.
- Who Should Not Get Chickenpox Vaccine
- Types of Chickenpox Vaccine
- Child and Adult Immunization Schedules
- Possible Side Effects of Chickenpox Vaccine
- Childcare and School Vaccine Requirements
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Content last reviewed on April 5, 2012
Content Source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases