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Healthcare-Associated Infections

PSR | 2013



Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections that patients acquire while receiving health care for other conditions. These infections cost the US healthcare system billions of dollars each year and lead to the loss of tens of thousands of lives.

CDC recommends strategies for surveillance, prevention, and control of HAIs and antimicrobial resistance wherever health care is provided, including hospitals, ambulatory care facilities, and long-term care facilities. CDC works closely with states to implement these recommendations.

The Prevention Status Reports highlight—for all 50 states and the District of Columbia—the status of a key practice that state health departments can use to reduce HAIs:

State health departments are encouraged to also engage in other practices that will provide actionable HAI data and lead to expanded HAI prevention. These include 1) state health departments validating data sent to CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN), ideally including data on central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs); catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs); and surgical site infections (SSIs); and 2) working with CDC and other partners using NHSN data to target facilities and units most in need of consultation to prevent HAIs and antimicrobial resistance.


Policies & Practices

State health department participation in statewide HAI prevention efforts

State health departments play a critical role in promoting HAI prevention through collaborative prevention activities. These activities allow states to identify infections, implement evidence-based prevention strategies, share experiences among facilities, and provide outcome measurement and feedback. State health departments are uniquely positioned to maximize HAI prevention efforts by working across the healthcare system to facilitate statewide HAI prevention activities.2-4

CDC recommends that state health departments participate in or lead broad prevention collaboratives addressing one or more of the following types of HAIs: CLABSIs, SSIs, CAUTIs, ventilator-associated pneumonia, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and C. difficile.5-6

Status of state health department participation in statewide HAI prevention efforts, United States (2013)


This bar graph shows that in 50 states and teh District of Columbia, the health department led or particpated in a broad prvention collaborative addressing at least one HAI.

± How the ratings were determined

States were rated green or red according to the following criteria:

Green

In 2013, the state health department led or participated in a broad prevention collaborative addressing at least one HAI.

Red

In 2013, the state health department did not participate in a broad prevention collaborative addressing HAIs.


 

Prevention Status Reports: Healthcare-Associated Infections, 2013

The files below are PDFs ranging in size from 100K to 500K.

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming


References

  1. CDC. Healthcare-Associated Infections: The Burden.
  2. CDC. Oregon Creates a Statewide Network to Limit the Spread of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae. [PDF - 540KB] 2013.
  3. CDC. Preventing C. difficile in Massachusetts Hospitals with a Mixed-Methods Learning Collaborative. [PDF - 546KB] 2013.
  4. CDC. Illinois Hospitals Collaborate to Reduce Clostridium difficile Infections. [PDF - 541KB] 2012.
  5. CDC. State-based HAI Prevention: Funding Programs. Updated Mar 2012.
  6. US Department of Health and Human Services. National Action Plan to Prevent Health Care-Associated Infections: Road Map to Elimination. Updated Apr 2012.

 

 
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