Chlamydia Treatment and Care
Guidelines, Research, & Updates
- Doxycycline and Tetracycline Shortage Update (March 1, 2013)
- Screening for Sexually Transmitted Disease: Who, When, and How – CDC Expert Commentary on screening for MSM featuring Dr. Gail Bolan (January 9, 2012)
- Recent Press Coverage Linking Azithromycin to Increased Risk of Sudden Death (May 18, 2012)
- CDC Grand Rounds: Chlamydia Prevention: Challenges and Strategies for Reducing Disease Burden and Sequelae MMWR April 1, 2011 (March 31, 2011)
- 2010 STD Treatment Guidelines - Chlamydial Infections - new information regarding the clinical efficacy of azithromycin for chlamydial infections in pregnancy; (December 16, 2010)
- Preventing Chlamydia – podcast commentary on how to incorporate chlamydia testing into a healthcare setting featuring Catherine Satterwhite, MSPH, MPH (June 28, 2010)
- Chlamydia trachomatis Genital Infection - Journal of Infectious Diseases Supplement, 15 June 2010 (May 21, 2010)
- Chlamydia Prevention: Challenges and Strategies for Reducing Disease Burden
(April 28, 2010)
- Clinic-Based Testing for Rectal and Pharyngeal Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis Infections MMWR July 10, 2009 (July 10, 2009)
- Dear Colleague Letter (July 13, 2009)
- Chlamydia Screening Among Sexually Active Young Female Enrollees of Health Plans - United States, 2000-2007 MMWR April 17, 2009 (April 17, 2009)
- Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT)
What is the treatment for chlamydia?
Chlamydia can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics. HIV-positive persons with chlamydia should receive the same treatment as those who are HIV-negative.
Persons with chlamydia should abstain from having sex for seven days after single dose antibiotics, or until completion of a seven-day course of antibiotics, to prevent spreading the infection to partners.
Repeat infection with chlamydia is common. Persons whose sex partners have not been appropriately treated are at high risk for re-infection. Having multiple chlamydial infections increases a woman's risk of serious reproductive health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy. Women and men with chlamydia should be retested about three months after treatment of an initial infection, regardless of whether they believe that their sex partners were successfully treated.
Infants infected with chlamydia may develop conjunctivitis (infection of the membrane lining the eyelids) and/or pneumonia. Chlamydial infection in infants can be treated with antibiotics.