noviembre de 1999
DHHS (NIOSH) publicación N.º 2000-108
Prevención de lesiones por pinchazos (piquetes de aguja) en entornos clínicos
Alter MJ . Epidemiology of hepatitis C in the west. Semin Liver Dis 15(1):5—14.
Alter MJ . The epidemiology of acute and chronic hepatitis C. Clin Liver Dis 1(3):559—569.
American Health Consultants [1992a]. Court awards $5.37 million to occupationally infected nurse. AIDS Alert Oct:149—152.
American Health Consultants [1992b]. Occupationally infected doctor says exposure was preventable. AIDS Alert Aug:118—119.
Armstrong K, Gorden R, Santorella G . Occupational exposure of health care workers (HCWs) to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): stress reactions and counseling interventions. Soc Work Health Care 21(3):61—80.
Bell DM . Occupational risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection in healthcare workers: an overview. Am J Med 102 (Suppl 5B):9—15.
Billiet LS, Parker CR, Tanley PC, Wallas CH . Needlestick injury rate reduction during phlebotomy; a comparative study of two safety devices. Lab Med 22(2):122—123.
Cardo DM, Culver DH, Ciesielski CA, Srivastava PU, Marcus R, Abiteboul D, Heptonstall J, Ippolito G, Lot F, McKibben PS, Bell DM, CDC Needlestick Surveillance Group . A case-control study of HIV seroconversion in health care workers after percutaneous exposure. New Engl J Med 337(21):1485—1490.
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1997a]. Evaluation of safety devices for preventing percutaneous injuries among health-care workers during phlebotomy proceduresMinneapolis-St.Paul, New York City, and San Francisco, 19931995. MMWR 46(2):21—25.
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1997b]. Immunization of health care workers: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). MMWR 46(RR18):1—42.
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1998a]. U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported through December 1998. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 10(2):26.
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1998b]. Recommendations for prevention and control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and HCV-related chronic disease. MMWR 47(RR19): 1—39.
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1998c]. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of health care worker exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. MMWR 47(RR7).
CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [1998d]. Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral agents in HIV-infected adults and adolescents. MMWR 47(RR5).
Chiarello LA . Selection of needlestick prevention devices: a conceptual framework for approaching product evaluation. Am J Infect Control 23(6):386—395.
CFR. Code of Federal Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, Office of the Federal Register.
Cookson ST, Ihrig M, OMara EM, Denny M, Volk H, Banerjee SN, Hartstein AI, Jarvis WR . Increased bloodstream infection rates in surgical patients associated with variation from recommended use and care following implementation of a needleless device. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 19(1):23—27.
Dale JC, Pruett SK, Maker MD . Accidental needlestick in the Phlebotomy Service of the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology at Mayo Clinic Rochester. Mayo Clin Proc 73(7):611—615.
Danzig LE, Short LJ, Collins K, Mahoney M, Sepe S, Bland L, Jarvis WR . Bloodstream infections associated with a needleless intravenous infusion system in patients receiving home infusion therapy. JAMA 273(23):1862—1864.
DeJoy DM, Murphy LR, Gershon RM . The influence of employee, job/ task, and organizational factors on adherence to universal precautions among nurses. Int J Ind Ergonomics 16:43—55.
Do AN, Ray BJ, Banerjee SN, Illian AF, Barnett BJ, Pham MH, Hendricks KA, Jarvis WR . Bloodstream infection associated with needleless device use and the importance of infection-control practices in the home health care setting. J Infect Dis 179:442—448.
ECRI . Needlestick-prevention devices. Health Devices 28(10):381—407.
EPINet . Exposure prevention information network data reports. University of Virginia: International Health Care Worker Safety Center.
FDA . FDA safety alert: needlestick and other risks from hypodermic needles on secondary I.V. administration sets piggyback and intermittent I.V. Rockville, MD: Food and Drug Administration.
FDA . FDA supplementary guidance on the content of premarket notification [510 (K)] submissions for medical devices with sharps injury prevention features. Rockville, MD: Food and Drug Administration.
FDA, NIOSH, OSHA . Glass capillary tubes: joint safety advisory about potential risks. Rockville, MD: Food and Drug Administration. [www.cdc.gov/niosh/capssa9.html]. Date accessed: May 28, 1999.
56 Fed. Reg. 64004 . Occupational Safety and Health Administration: final rule on occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
63 Fed. Reg. 48250 . Occupational Safety and Health Administration: final rule on occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens: request for information, Docket No. H370A.
Fisher J . Training for development of innovative control technology project. San Francisco, CA: San Francisco General Hospital.
Gartner K . Impact of a needleless intravenous system in a university hospital. Am J Infect Control 20:75—79.
Gerberding JL . Incidence and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and cytomegalovirus among health care personnel at risk for blood exposure: final report from a longitudinal study. J Infect Dis 170(6):1410—1417.
Gerberding JL, Hopewell PC, Kaminsky LS, Sande MA . Transmission of hepatitis B without transmission of AIDS by accidental needlestick. N Engl J Med 312(1):56.
Gershon RM, Vlahov D, Felknor SA, Vesley D, Johnson PC, Delclos GL, Murphy LR . Compliance with universal precautions among health care workers at three regional hospitals. Am J Infect Control 23(4):225—236.
Hanrahan A, Reutter L . A critical review of the literature on sharps injuries: epidemiology, management of exposures and prevention. J Adv Nurs 25:144—154.
Henry K, Campbell S . Needlestick/sharps injuries and HIV exposures among health care workers: national estimates based on a survey of U.S. hospitals. Minn Med 78:1765—1768.
Henry K, Campbell S, Jackson B, Balfour H, Rhame F, Sannerud K, Pollack S, Sninsky J, Kwok S . Long-term follow-up of health care workers with work-site exposure to human immunodeficiency virus [letter to the editor]. JAMA 263(13):1765—1766.
Howanitz PJ, Schifman RB . Phlebotomists safety practices: a College of American Pathologists Q-Probes study of 683 institutions. Arch Pathol Lab Med 118:957—962.
Ihrig M, Cookson ST, Campbell K, Hartstein AI, Jarvis WR . Evaluation of the acceptability of a needleless vascular-access system by nurses. Am J Infect Control 25(5):434—438.
International Health Care Worker Safety Center . Uniform needlestick and sharp-object injury report 1996, 65 hospitals. Adv Exposure Prev 3(2):15—16.
Ippolito G, Puro V, Heptonstall J, Jagger J, De Carli G, Petrosillo N . Occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: worldwide cases through September 1997. Clin Infect Dis 28:365—383.
Jagger J . Reducing occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens: where do we stand a decade later? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 17(9):573—575.
Jagger J, Hunt EH, Brand-Elnagger J, Pearson RD . Rates of needle-stick injury caused by various devices in a university hospital. N Engl J Med 319(5): 284—288.
Kellerman S, Shay DK, Howard J, Goes C, Feusner J, Rosenberg J, Vugia DJ, Jarvis WR . Bloodstream infections in home infusion patients: the influence of race and needleless intravascular access devices. J Pediatr 129(5):711—717.
Krasinski K, LaCouture R, Holzman RS . Effect of changing needle disposal systems on needle puncture injuries. Infect Control 8(2):59—62.
Lawrence LW, Delclos GL, Felknor SA, Johnson PC, Frankowski RF, Cooper SP, Davidson A . The effectiveness of a needleless intravenous connection system: an assessment by injury rate and user satisfaction. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 18(3):175—182.
McCormick RD, Maki DG . Epidemiology of needle-stick injuries in hospital personnel. Am J Med 70:928—932.
McCormick RD, Meisch MG, Ircink FG, Maki DG . Epidemiology of hospital sharps injuries: a 14-year prospective study in the pre-AIDS and AIDS eras. Am J Med 91(Suppl 3B):301S—307S.
Murphy LR, Gershon RM, Dejoy D . Stress and occupational exposure to HIV/AIDS. In: Cooper CL, ed. Handbook of stress, medicine, and health. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 177—190.
NCCC, DVA . Needle stick prevention in the Department of Veterans Affairs; 1996 follow-up survey results. Milwaukee, WI: National Center for Cost Containment and Department of Veterans Affairs.
NIOSH . Selecting, evaluating, and using sharps disposal containers. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97—111.
Osborn EHS, Papadakis MA, Gerberding JL . Occupational exposures to body fluids among medical students. A seven-year longitudinal study. Ann Intern Med 130(1):45—51.
OSHA [1999a]. National news release: Labor Secretary announces plans to combat needlestick injuries among healthcare workers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, USDL 99—145.
OSHA [1999b]. OSHA Directives 2-2.44D Enforcement procedures for the occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. [www.osha-slc.Gov/OshDoc/Directive _data/CPL_2-2_44D.html]. Date accessed: November 11, 1999.
OSHA [1999c]. Record summary of the request for information on occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens due to percutaneous injury. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. [www. osha-slc.gov/html/ndlreport052099.html]. Date accessed: August 9, 1999.
Polish LB, Tong MJ, Co RL, Coleman PJ, Alter MJ . Risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection among health care personnel in a community hospital. Am J Infect Control 21(4):196—200.
Pugliese G, ed. . Using safer needle devices: the time is now. Report of the National Committee on Safer Needle Devices. Arlington, TX: Johnson & Johnson Medical.
Pugliese G, Salahuddin M, eds. . Sharps injury prevention program: a step-by-step guide. Chicago, IL: American Hospital Association.
Quebbeman EJ, Short LJ . How to select and evaluate new products on the market. Surg Clin North Am 75(6):1159—1165.
Ramos-Gomez F, Ellison J, Greenspan D, Bird W, Lowe S, Gerberding JL . Accidental exposures to blood and body fluids among health care workers in dental teaching clinics: a prospective study. J Am Dent Assoc 128:1253—1261.
Ridzon R, Gallagher K, Ciesielski C, Mast EE, Ginsberg MB, Robertson BJ, Luo C, DeMaria A Jr. . Simultaneous transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus from a needle-stick injury. N Engl J Med 336(13):919—922.
Roy E, Robillard P . Underreporting of accidental exposures to blood and other body fluids in health care settings = an alarming situation (abstract). Adv Exposure Prev 1(4):11.
Ruben FL, Norden CW, Rockwell K, Hruska E . Epidemiology of accidental needle-puncture wounds in hospital workers. Am J Med Sci 286(1):26—30.
Seeff LB . Hepatitis C from a needle-stick injury. Ann Intern Med 115(5):411.
SEIU . SEIUs guide to preventing needlestick injuries. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Service Employees International Union.
Shapiro CN . Occupational risk of infection with hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus. Surg Clin North Am 75(6):1047—1056.
State of California . California proposed emergency standard: 5193; bloodborne pathogens. Sacramento, CA. [www. Dir.ca.gov/DIR/OS&H/OSHSB/bloodborne.html]. Date accessed: December 21, 1998.
Yassi A, McGill M . Determinants of blood and body fluid exposure in a large teaching hospital: hazards of the intermittent intravenous procedure. Am J Infect Control 19(3):129—135.
Yassi A, McGill ML, Khokhar JB . Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a needleless intravenous access system. Am J Infect Control 23(2):57—64.
Zafar AB, Butler RC, Podgorny JM, Mennonna PA, Gaydos LA, Sandiford JA . Effect of a comprehensive program to reduce needlestick injuries. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 18(10):712—715.
Reciba actualizaciones por correo electrónico
Para recibir actualizaciones de esta página, ingrese su correo electrónico:
- Instituto Nacional para la Seguridad y Salud Ocupacional (NIOSH)
Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades
TTY: (888) 232-6348
- Nuevo horario de operación: Lunes a viernes, de 8 a.m.- 8 p.m. hora del Este
No hay servicio los días festivos.
- Comuníquese con CDC-INFO