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II. Lessons Learned

Supplement C: Preparedness and Response In Healthcare Facilities

Public Health Guidance for Community-Level Preparedness and Response to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Version 2/3

NOTICE

Since 2004, there have not been any known cases of SARS reported anywhere in the world. The content in this Web site was developed for the 2003 SARS epidemic. But, some guidelines are still being used. Any new SARS updates will be posted on this Web site.

The following lessons from the global experience with SARS-CoV in healthcare settings have been considered in developing this document:

  • Strict adherence to contact and droplet precautions, along with eye protection, seems to prevent SARS-CoV transmission in most instances. Airborne precautions may provide additional protection in some instances.
  • Undetected cases of SARS-CoV disease in staff, patients, and visitors contribute to rapid spread of the virus.
  • Optimal control efforts require continuous analysis of the dynamics of SARS-CoV transmission in the facility and the community.
  • A response to SARS can strain the resources and capacity of a healthcare facility.
  • The social and psychological impact of SARS can be substantial, both during and after an outbreak.
  • The most effective systems for controlling a nosocomial outbreak are those that are developed and tested before an outbreak occurs.
  • Communication needs can overwhelm and paralyze response capacity; good information management strategies are essential to an efficient and effective response.

 

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