Sodium Reduction Toolkit: A Global Opportunity to Reduce Population-Level Sodium Intake
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is pleased to present the Sodium Reduction Toolkit: A Global Opportunity to Reduce Population-Level Sodium Intake. The toolkit is designed to provide international and national government agencies and public health organizations with a brief overview, tools, and information for developing and implementing sodium reduction programs, policies, and initiatives aimed at lowering sodium intake.
The toolkit offers seven self-guided modules, including an introduction outlining the objectives for each topic in the series. The modules take about 30 minutes to complete, and each one includes a list of suggested top 10 resources as well as the option to provide feedback through a brief survey.
You do not have to view each module in order; however, the Global Impact of Sodium on Health module is recommended as a starting point following the Introduction.
An introduction to the toolkit and the objectives of each module.
Global Impact of Sodium on Health
Cardiovascular disease, including hypertension, is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide.
A biomarker is a biological molecule found in body fluid or tissues that is a sign of dietary intake.
Policy interventions can create long-lasting system-wide changes related to sodium reduction.
Indirect Estimation and Dietary Assessments
These methods are used to assess population and individual food and nutrient intake.
The Food Supply
A comprehensive and up-to-date food composition database is important when identifying the main sources of sodium in the food supply.
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors
Monitoring knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors helps tailor sodium reduction programs and initiatives.
Knowledge translation may ensure that current data, best practices, and evidence-based strategies are transformed into policies.
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Instructions for Completing Evaluations
- At the conclusion of each module, there is a 5-minute survey to assess your satisfaction.
- Please click on the link, which goes to Survey Monkey, and complete the survey.
- Click “Done” to submit your answers.
The course was a collaborative effort among CDC’s Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention (DHDSP) and the Center for Global Health. The technical developers of the course are Palladian Partners, Inc. The course is provided free of charge from the DHDSP Salt web site.
Salt vs. Sodium
Please note that throughout the modules, the term “salt” (sodium chloride) is not synonymous with the term “sodium.” Modules in this series use the term “salt” when referring to sodium chloride and sodium when referring to dietary sodium. A list of conversions for salt and sodium appears below:
- 1 mmol sodium = 23 mg sodium
- 1 g sodium = 43.5 mmol sodium
- 1 g salt (sodium chloride) = 390 mg sodium
- 1 tsp salt = 6 g salt ≈ 2,400 mg sodium = 104 mmol sodium = 104 mEq sodium
To convert mmol to mg of sodium, chloride, or sodium chloride, multiply mmol by 23, 35.5, or 58.5 (the molecular weights of sodium, chloride, and sodium chloride), respectively.
We are providing this information in an effort to inform stakeholders. The selection, omission, or content of the modules does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC. Opinions expressed by the original authors of items included in the modules, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the official position of CDC. References to products, trade names, publications, news sources, and Web sites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC. Links to non-Federal organizations are provided solely as a service to our users. Links do not constitute an endorsement of any organization by CDC or the Federal Government, and none should be inferred. CDC is not responsible for the content of the individual organization Web pages found at this link.