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Print-and-Go Fact Sheet

Since 1990, 2 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources and 1.8 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation. However, worldwide, 780 million people still do not have access to improved water sources and an estimated 2.5 billion people — half of the developing world — lack access to adequate sanitation 1.

Eighty-eight percent (88%) of deaths due to diarrheal illness worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, and poor hygiene 2. These diarrheal diseases (such as cholera) kill more children than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined, making diarrheal disease the second leading cause of death among children under five 2.

To address this global disease burden, CDC and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) developed the Safe Water System (SWS), which protects communities from contaminated water by promoting behavior change and providing affordable and sustainable solutions. The SWS increases access to safe water by helping individuals treat and safely store water in homes, health facilities, and schools.

The SWS encompasses three steps:

  • Household water treatment;
  • Safe storage of the treated water; and,
  • Behavior change communication to improve hygiene, sanitation, and water and food handling practices

Safe Water System (SWS) Topics

Disease & SWS Impact

Global disease burden & impact of safe water systems…

Safe Water Storage

Safe storage buckets, containers, cans, and pots…

Starting a SWS Project

Tools for implementing a Safe Water System program…

Publications & Research

Safe water systems related research…

Household Water Treatment

Chlorination, PUR™, solar disinfection, ceramic filtration, slow sand filtration…

Behavior Change Communications

Promoting handwashing, sanitation, safe food/water handling…

CDC at Work

Global Safe Water System programs & projects…

Resources

CDC manuals, technical bulletins, & resources…

  1. World Health Organization and UNICEF. Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: 2012 Update. United States: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation; 2012.
  2. UNICEF and World Health Organization. Diarrhoea: Why children are still dying and what can be done, 2009 [PDF - 68 pages].
 
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