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  1. Peden M, Oyegbite K, Ozanne-Smith J, et al. World report on child injury prevention. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization; 2008.
  2. Borse NN, et al. Years of Potential Life Lost due to Unintentional Injuries among Children and adolescents. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2012 (unpublished report).
  3. Borse NN, Gilchrist J, Dellinger AM, Rudd RA, Ballesteros MF, Sleet DA. CDC childhood injury report: patterns of unintentional injuries among 0- to 19-year olds in the United States, 2000-2006. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2008.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [online]. (2011) [cited  2011 Mar 1]. Available from URL:
  5. United Nations Children’s Fund. Convention on the rights of the child. New York, NY: United Nations; 1991.
  6. Baker SP. The Injury Fact Book. 2nd ed. New York (NY): Oxford University Press; 1992.
  7. UNICEF.  A League Table of Child Deaths by Injury in Rich Nations.   United Nations Children’s Fund, Innocenti Report Card.  Issue No. 2, February, 2001.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  National Vital Statistics System: Historical Data, 1900-1998 [online]. 2010. [cited 2010 Dec 10].  Available from URL:
  9. Miller TR, Finkelstein AE, Zaloshnja E, Hendrie D. The cost of child and adolescent injuries and the savings from prevention. In: Liller KD, American Public Health Association, editors. Injury prevention for children and adolescents: research, practice, and advocacy. Washington (DC): American Public Health Association; 2006.
  10. Miller, Ted.  Cost estimates for injuries.  Pacific Institute for Reseach and Evaluation (PIRE) Calverton, Maryland,  2011.  
  11. American Academy of Pediatrics. Policy statement--prevention of choking among children. Pediatrics 2010;125(3):601–7.
  12. Brenner RA, Trumble AC, Smith GS, Kessler EP, Overpeck MD. Where children drown, United States, 1995. Pediatrics 2001;108(1):85–9.
  13. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Fatality facts 2008-teenagers [online]. 2010 [cited 2010 Aug 15]. Available from URL:
  14. Bronstein AC, Spyker DA, Cantilena LR, Jr., Green JL, Rumack BH, Giffin SL. 2008 annual report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System (NPDS): 26th annual report. Clin Toxicol 2009;47(10):911–1084.
  15. Burt A, Annest JL, Ballesteros MF, Budnitz DS. Nonfatal, unintentional medication exposures among young children --- United States, 2001--2003. MMWR 2006;(55):1–5.
  16. Runyan CW, Casteel C, editors. The state of home safety in America: facts about unintentional injuries in the home. 2d ed 2004. Washington (DC): Home Safety Council; 2004.
  17. Pressley JC, Barlow B. Child and adolescent injury as a result of falls from buildings and structures. Inj Prev 2005;11(5):267–73.
  18. Phelan KJ, Khoury J, Kalkwarf HJ, Lanphear BP. Trends and patterns of playground injuries in United States children and adolescents. Ambul Pediatr 2001;1(4):227–33.
  19. Mack KA, Gilchrist J, Ballesteros MF. Bunk bed-related injuries sustained by young children treated in emergency departments in the United States, 2001–2004, National Electronic Injury Surveillance System - All Injury Program.Inj Prev 2007;13(2):137–40.
  20. CDC. Nonfatal sports- and recreation-related injuries treated in emergency departments–United States, July 2000–June 2001. MMWR 2002;51(33): 736–40.
  21. CDC. Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries Related to Sports and Recreation Activities Among Persons Aged ≤19 Years --- United States, 2001—2009. MMWR 2011;60(39);1337-1342.
  22. Children’s Safety Network. Injury prevention: what works? A summary of cost-outcome analysis for injury prevention programs (2010 update) [online]. 2010. [cited 2011 Mar 1]. Available from URL:
  23. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.  Healthy People 2020 . Washington, DC. Available at Accessed December 2011.
  24. Gielen, A C, Sleet, DA, DiClemente, R. (Eds).   Injury and violence Prevention:  Behavioral science Theories, Methods, and Applications.  San Francisco, CA  Jossey-Bass, 2006.
  25. Frieden, T.  A Framework for Public Health Action: The Health Impact Pyramid. American Journal of Public Health 2010;100(4);590-595.


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