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Note to visitors: Resources included in this web site contain terminology used at the time of publication and may not reflect current terms.

Injection drug use is a well-known route of transmission of blood borne infections, particularly HIV and hepatitis B and C. Use of illicit drugs is associated with increased rates of TB and STDs. This web site provides materials and resources to assist researchers, policymakers, and clinical and program providers who work with persons who use drugs, their sex partners and families. This site does not address issues related to the use of cannabinoids or licit drugs, such as alcohol, or tobacco.

Data and Statistics

Estimated New HIV Infections in 2010, by Transmission Category, 8% IDU, 3% MSM-IDU, 63% MSM, 25% Heterosexual

Persons Who Inject Drugs (PWID), also referred to as Injection Drug Users (IDU), accounted for 8% of the estimated new HIV infections in 2010. Go to the CDC Fact Sheet for more information.

Guidance and Interventions

Photo of professional counseling someoneStrategies for Disease Prevention
Includes Behavioral Interventions, Outreach, Safe Syringe Practices, Testing and Vaccines, Drug Poisoning and Overdose Prevention, and Integrated Guidelines

Photo of two women sitting and talkingSubstance Abuse Treatment
Focuses on substance abuse treatment and disease prevention

Photo of healthcare professional treating a patientDisease Treatment for Persons at Risk
Includes medical interventions to prevent and treat infectious disease

Assistance for Persons Who Use Drugs

pills spelling out the word helpFind services near you for:

Call SAMHSA's Referral Helpline 24/7 at 1-800-662-HELP (1-800-662-4357)


Hepatitis Awareness Month. Click here to register your Hepatitis event.

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