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Diagnosis & Medical Management

A definitive diagnosis of infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae generally relies on isolation of the organism from blood or other normally sterile body sites. Tests are also available to detect capsular polysaccharide antigen in body fluids.

Up to 15% of invasive pneumococcal isolates are resistant to penicillin in some parts of the U.S.

Medical Management

Resistance to penicillin and other antibiotics is common. In some areas of the United States, up to 15% of invasive pneumococcal isolates are resistant to penicillin.

Treatment will usually include a broad-spectrum cephalosporin, and often vancomycin, until results of antibiotic sensitivity testing are available.

For more information on medical management of pneumonia, please see the guidelines below.


Guidelines

Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)

Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia (HCAP)

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