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Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal
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Volume 8: No. 6, November 2011

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Causal Beliefs for Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease, the Netherlands, 2007 (n=255)

Causes and risk factors Diabetes, Mean (SD) Cardiovascular Disease, Mean (SD) Difference
t P value
Advanced age 3.8 (1.0) 3.7 (0.9) t232 = 1.07 <.001
Raised cholesterol levels NA 4.0 (1.0) NC NC
Raised blood pressure NA 4.1 (1.0) NC NC
Being overweight 4.0 (1.0) NA NC NC
Unhealthy diet or eating habits 3.8 (1.2) 4.1 (1.1) t237 = 3.94 <.001
Lack of physical activity 3.4 (1.2) 4.1 (1.0) t238 = 7.93 <.001
Current smoker 2.9 (1.2) 4.0 (1.2) t235 = 13.17 <.001
Heredity . . . runs in the family 3.6 (1.3) 4.0 (1.1) t236 = 3.77 <.001
Having diabetes NA 3.4 (1.1) NC NC

Abbreviations: SD, standard deviation; NC, not calculated NA, not assessed.

Figure. Causal beliefs for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the Netherlands, 2007 (n = 255). Participants indicated on a scale of 1 to 5 for each cause the extent to which they believed it could be a cause (or risk factor) of diabetes or cardiovascular disease.

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The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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