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Volume 5: No. 3, July 2008

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Increasing Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes and Pregnancy-Related Hypertension in Los Angeles County, California, 1991–2003

Ethnicity 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
White 13.8 18.1 18.5 17.9 19.2 20.3 22.4 25.5 26.8 29.3 30.9 32.6 35.7
Black 14.5 17.7 20.1 22.0 21.8 25.4 23.4 25.1 33.9 32.2 33.8 40.3 37.6
Hispanic 14.8 21.6 26.7 31.7 30.6 33.3 35.7 41.8 45.3 47.4 50.6 56.9 55.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 17.0 22.9 25.0 29.4 30.3 33.1 36.5 39.9 47.6 46.6 51.5 53.5 51.8
All 14.5 20.3 23.2 26.4 26.2 28.7 30.6 35.1 38.8 40.4 43.4 48.1 47.9

Figure 1. Age-Adjusted Rates of Gestational Diabetes Among All Women and by Race/Ethnicity — Los Angeles County, California, 1991–2003

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Ethnicity 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
White 37.1 38.3 40.2 43.8 46.2 49.2 46.1 49.7 49.3 51.5 51.7 50.3 51.6
Black 55.1 53.1 61.4 62.7 68.7 74.5 74.2 80.5 87.0 86.6 85.1 90.0 92.0
Hispanic 42.3 41.9 41.5 46.4 47.5 45.5 47.0 50.0 52.2 51.4 54.0 52.6 53.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 29.4 29.7 28.8 29.9 34.2 37.7 34.6 36.7 41.5 36.0 38.5 34.9 36.2
All 40.5 40.5 41.8 45.5 47.3 47.8 47.2 50.9 52.9 52.1 54.0 53.4 54.4

Figure 2. Age-Adjusted Rates of Pregnancy-Related Hypertension Among All Women and by Race/Ethnicity — Los Angeles County, California, 1991–2003

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The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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