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Volume 3: No. 2, April 2006

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Congruencies in Increased Mortality Rates, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Causes of Death Among Public Mental Health Clients in Eight States


Heart Disease Cancer Cerebro-
vascular Disease
Chronic Respiratory Disease Accidents,  Including Motor Vehicle Diabetes Influenza/ Pneumonia Suicide
USA All 1999 30.3 23 7 5.2 4.1 2.9 2.7 1.2
MO All 1997 33.6 22.4 7.1 4.9 4.2 2.6 4 1.3
MO MH 1997 30.4 13.8 4.2 6.1 4.2 2.6 3.3 8.5
MO All 1998 32.5 22.6 7.2 5 4.3 2.5 4.4 1.3
MO MH 1998 28 11.4 4 4 5.2 2.6 5.2 12.2
MO All 2000 31.8 22.2 7.1 5.1 4.3 2.7 2.7 1.3
MO MH 2000 29.6 11.9 2.5 5.2 4.9 3.7 1.8 8.7

Figure 1. Leading causes of death in general populations (All) and public mental health clients (MH) nationwide and statewide in Missouri, 1997 to 2000. (Percentage of deaths does not equal 100 because only leading causes are included.)

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Heart Disease Cancer Cerebro-
vascular Disease
Chronic Respiratory Disease Accidents,  Including Motor Vehicle Diabetes Influenza/ Pneumonia Suicide
USA All 1999 30.3 23 7 5.2 4.1 2.9 2.7 1.2
OK All 1996 34.2 21.5 7.3 4.8 4.7 2.2 4.1 1.4
OK MH 1996 35.3 10.3 5.1 5.6 8.1 2.1 4.9 8.1
OK All 1997 33.1 21.2 7 5.1 4.6 2.7 3.8 1.4
OK MH 1997 31.4 8.9 5.8 5 6.6 2.2 3.6 9.5
OK All 1998 33.2 20.9 6.8 5.1 4.7 2.7 4 1.4
OK MH 1998 33.1 11.1 6 4.9 8.8 4.2 4.4 7.6

Figure 2. Leading causes of death in general populations (All) and public mental health clients (MH) nationwide and statewide in Oklahoma, 1996 to 1998. (Percentage of deaths does not equal 100 because only leading causes are included.)

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Heart Disease Cancer Cerebro-
vascular Disease
Chronic Respiratory Disease Accidents,  Including Motor Vehicle Diabetes Influenza/ Pneumonia Suicide
USA All 1999 30.3 23 7 5.2 4.1 2.9 2.7 1.2
RI All 2000 31.2 23.9 5.8 5 0.9 2.9 3.4 0.7
RI MH 2000 21.8 13.5 6.8 4.5 1.5 1.5 2.3 5.3

Figure 3. Leading causes of death in general populations (All) and public mental health clients (MH) nationwide and statewide in Rhode Island, 1999 and 2000. (Percentage of deaths does not equal 100 because only leading causes are included.)

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Heart Disease Cancer Cerebro-
vascular Disease
Chronic Respiratory Disease Accidents,  Including Motor Vehicle Diabetes Influenza/ Pneumonia Suicide
USA All 1999 30.3 23 7 5.2 4.1 2.9 2.7 1.2
TX All 1997 30.5 22.5 7.1 4.7 5 3.3 3.2 1.5
TX MH 1997 27.9 12.5 4.2 3.7 10.2 2.5 3.5 12.1
TX All 1998 30 22.7 6.9 4.6 5.2 3.4 3.2 1.5
TX MH 1998 28.4 11.6 3.7 4.3 11.3 3.5 3.3 9.6
TX All 1999 29.6 22.3 7.1 5.1 4.9 3.4 2.4 1.4
TX MH 1999 25.9 9.5 3.8 6.2 3.8 4.8 0.9 9.9

Figure 4. Leading causes of death in general populations (All) and public mental health clients (MH) nationwide and statewide in Texas, 1997 to 1999. (Percentage of deaths does not equal 100 because only leading causes are included.)

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Heart Disease Cancer Cerebro-
vascular Disease
Chronic Respiratory Disease Accidents,  Including Motor Vehicle Diabetes Influenza/ Pneumonia Suicide
USA All 1999 30.3 23 7 5.2 4.1 2.9 2.7 1.2
UT All 1998 24.3 20 6.7 4.1 9.2 3.9 4.1 2.8
UT MH 1998 18.9 4.7 4.7 3.4 10.2 0.7 2 17.6
UT All 1999 22.9 19.7 7.2 4.6 7.9 3.9 3.2 2.3
UT MH 1999 18.3 7.2 6.7 5.6 6.7 5 4.4 7.8

Figure 5. Leading causes of death in general populations (All) and public mental health clients (MH) nationwide and statewide in Utah, 1998 to 1999. (Percentage of deaths does not equal 100 because only leading causes are included.)

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Heart Disease Cancer Cerebro-
vascular Disease
Chronic Respiratory Disease Accidents,  Including Motor Vehicle Diabetes Influenza/ Pneumonia Suicide
USA All 1999 30.3 23 7 5.2 4.1 2.9 2.7 1.2
VA All 1998 29.5 23.7 7 4.6 4.2 2.4 3.8 1.5
VA MH 1998 52.7 2.7 2.7   0.9   8.2  
VA All 1999 27.7 24.1 7.4 4.9 4 2.7 2.9 2
VA MH 1999 40 3.3 1.1 2.2     12.2  
VA All 2000 27.1 24 7.3 5 4.2 2.8 2.7 1.4
VA MH 2000 27.4 1.6   1.6     16.1  

Figure 6. Leading causes of death in general populations (All) and public mental health clients (MH) nationwide and statewide in Virginia, 1998 to 2000. (Percentage of deaths does not equal 100 because only leading causes are included.)

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The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors’ affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.


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