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  • Bonilla DL, Durden LA, Eremeeva ME, Dasch GA (2013) The Biology and Taxonomy of Head and Body Lice—Implications for Louse-Borne Disease Prevention. PLoS Pathog 9(11): e1003724. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003724
  • American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediculosis capitis, Pediculosis corporis, Pediculosis pubis. In: Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Long SS, eds. Red Book: 2012 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 29th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2012:543-548.
  • Bacot A. A contribution to the bionomics of Pediculus humanus (vestimenti) and Pediculus capitis. Parasitology. 1917;9:228-258.
  • Burkhart CG. Relationship of treatment-resistant head lice to the safety and efficacy of pediculicides. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004:79:661-666.
  • Busvine JR. Parasites. In: Busvine PA. Insects and Hygiene. London: Methuen and Co, Ltd, 1966. p.240-252.
  • Buxton, PA. The biology of Pediculus humanus. In Buxton PA. The Louse. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1946. p. 24-72.
  • Canyon D, Speare R. Do head lice spread in swimming pools? Int J Dermatol. 2007;46:1211-1213.
  • Durden LA. Lice (Phthiraptera). In: Mullen G, Durden L, eds. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 2002. p. 45-65.
  • Elgart GW, Meinking TL. Ivermectin. Dermatol Clin. 2003;21:277.
  • Frankowski, Barbara L., Bocchini, Joseph A., Jr, Council on School Health and Committee on Infectious Diseases. Head Lice. Pediatrics 2010 126: 392-403
  • Jones K, English JC. Review of common therapeutic options in the United States for the treatment of pediculosis capitis. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;36:1355-1361.
  • Juranek DD. Communicable Disease Surveillance Center. Working document combs out guidance on head lice. Commun Dis Rep CDR Wkly. 1998;8:405.
  • Lebwohl M, Clark L, Levitt J. Therapy for head lice based on life cycle, resistance, and safety considerations. Pedatrics. 2007;119(5):965-974.
  • Leeson HS. The effect of temperature upon the hatching of the eggs of Pediculus humanus corporis de Geer (Anoplura). Parasitology. 1941;33:243-249.
  • Leone PA. Scabies and pediculosis pubis: an update of treatment regimens and general review. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;44(Suppl 3):S153-S159.
  • Pediculus capitis in school children: epidemiologic trends, risk factors, and recommendations for control. In: Orkin M, Malback HL, eds. Cutaneous Infestations and Insect Bites. New York, NY: Marcel Kekker, Inc: 1985;199-211.
  • Meinking TL. The clinical trials supporting benzyl alcohol lotion 5% (Ulesfia): a safe and effective topical treatment for head lice (pediculosis humanus capitis). Pediatr Dermatol. 2010;27:19-34.
  • Meinking, TL et al. An observer-blinded study of 1% permethrin creme rinse with and without adjunctive combing in patients with head lice. Pediatrics. 2002;141:665.
  • Meinking TL. Infestations.Curr Probl Dermatol. 1999;11:73-120.
  • Mumcuoglu KY, Meinking TA, Burkhart CN, et al. Head louse infestations: the "no nit" policy and its consequences. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:891-896.
  • National Association of School Nurses. Position Statement. Pediculosis in the school community. Revised July 2004.
  • Nuttall GHF. The biology of Phthirus pubis. Parastiology. 1918;10:383-405.
  • Nuttall GHF. The biology of Pediculus humanus. Parasitology. 1917;10:80-185.
  • Pariser, DM, Meinking TL, Bell M, Ryan WG. Topical 0.5% ivermectin lotion for treatment of head lice. N Engl J Med. 2012:367;1687-1693.
  • Pollack RJ, Kiszewski AE, Spielman A. Overdiagnosis and consequent mismanagement of head louse infestations in North America. Pediatr Infect Dis. J 2000;19:689-793.
  • Pray WS. Head lice: perfectly adapted human predators. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 1999;63:204-209.
  • Roberts RJ. Clinical Practice. Head lice. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:1645-50.
  • Stough D, Shellabarger S, Quiring J, Gabrielsen AA. Efficacy and safety of spinosad and permethrin creme rinses for pediculosis capitis (head lice). Pediatrics. 2009;124:e389-95.
  • Strycharz JP, Berge NM, Alves AM, Clark JM. Ivermectin acts as a postelosion nymphicide by reducing blood feeding of human head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae) that hatched from treated eggs. J Med Entomol. 2011;48:1174-82.
  • Takano-Lee M, Yoon KS, Edman JD, et al. In-vivo and in-vitro rearing of Pediculus humanus capitits (Anoplura: Pediculidae). J Med Entomol. 2003;40(5):628-635.
  • Williams LK, Reacher A, Mac Kenzie WR, Hightower AW, Blake PA. Lice, nits, and school policy*. Pediatrics. 2001;107:1011-1015.
  • Yoon KS et al. Permethrin-resistant human head lice, Pediculus capitis, and their treatment. Arch Dermatol. 2003;139:994.

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