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Prevention Among Injection Drug Users

 IDU HIV Prevention
Outreach to
Drug Users

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HIV Prevention Among Injection Drug Users

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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Archival Content: 1999-2005

Training Doing the Work

NIDA Principles of HIV Prevention Outreach

The NIDA Community-based Outreach Model: A Manual to Reduce the Risk of HIV and Other Blood-borne Infections in Drug UsersLink to a non-CDC site lays out several principles of HIV outreach with IDUs that bring the provision of HIV prevention services to life:

  • Prevention efforts must work with individuals, and couples, risk networks, and the broader community of drug users and their sex partners.

  • Community-based outreach is an essential HIV prevention component and must be directed to drug users in their natural environments.

  • Prevention interventions must be personalized for each person at risk. Effective prevention requires more than simply passing out information and risk-reduction supplies.

  • Drug users and their sex partners must be treated with dignity and respect and with sensitivity to cultural, racial/ethnic, and gender characteristics.

  • Interventions must address not only the sharing of syringes, but also of other injection equipment (including cookers, cotton, water, and drug solutions that have been prepared for injection).

  • Risk-reduction information is necessary, but alone not sufficient, to achieve and maintain behavior change.

  • Prevention efforts must address sexual transmission risks as well as risks associated with drug injection.

  • HIV intervention programs must be sustained over time.

More detail on these principles

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