Archival Content: 1999-2005
NIDA Principles of HIV Prevention Outreach
The NIDA Community-based Outreach Model: A Manual to Reduce the Risk of HIV and Other Blood-borne Infections in Drug Users lays out several principles of HIV outreach with IDUs that bring the provision of HIV prevention services to life:
- Prevention efforts must work with individuals, and couples, risk networks, and the broader community of drug users and their sex partners.
- Community-based outreach is an essential HIV prevention component and must be directed to drug users in their natural environments.
- Prevention interventions must be personalized for each person at risk. Effective prevention requires more than simply passing out information and risk-reduction supplies.
- Drug users and their sex partners must be treated with dignity and respect and with sensitivity to cultural, racial/ethnic, and gender characteristics.
- Interventions must address not only the sharing of syringes, but also of other injection equipment (including cookers, cotton, water, and drug solutions that have been prepared for injection).
- Risk-reduction information is necessary, but alone not sufficient, to achieve and maintain behavior change.
- Prevention efforts must address sexual transmission risks as well as risks associated with drug injection.
- HIV intervention programs must be sustained over time.
More detail on these principles
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