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Policies on Data Methods, Procedures, and Use

 

CDC's Division of Oral Health maintains several systems that collect oral health data or report results from analyses of those data. Some of the systems report data collected by other agencies or organizations.

Oral health data collection occurs through

  • Large national or state-based health surveys
  • Voluntary reporting by state oral health programs
  • Partnerships with national organizations that collect oral health-related information

Oral health data reporting by CDC occurs through 5 Web-based systems:

  • Dental, Oral and Craniofacial Data Resource Center (DRC)
  • National Oral Health Surveillance System (NOHSS)
  • Synopses of State and Territorial Dental Public Health Programs (Synopses)
  • Oral Health Maps (Maps)
  • My Water's Fluoride (MWF)

The data collected may appear in more than one of these systems.

Large national and state-based surveys include:

  • National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (reported in DRC, NOHSS)
  • National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (reported in DRC, NOHSS)
  • Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) (reported in DRC)
  • Medicaid Current Beneficiaries Survey (MCBS)
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (reported in DRC, NOHSS)
  • Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)
  • State Health Policies and Programs Survey (SHPPS)
  • State and Local Area Integrated Telephone Survey (SLAITS)
    • National Survey of Children’s Health
    • National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs
  • State Cancer Registries—National Program for Cancer Registries (NPCR) and Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)

Voluntarily reported information from state oral health programs includes:

  • Results from state oral health surveys (reported in NOHSS, Maps)
  • Water fluoridation program information (reported in NOHSS, Maps, Synopses, MWF)

CDC has partnerships with national organizations that collect oral health-related information. These include:

  • The Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors (ASTDD) conducts an annual survey, The Synopses of State and Territorial Dental Public Health Programs (reported in Synopses, NOHSS)
  • The American Dental Association (ADA) collects a variety of information related to dental practice and education through its survey center. A list of dental programs and their accreditation status is available on ADA's Web site. The number of accredited dental and dental hygiene programs in each state is reported in the Synopses each year.

Where can I find information on the methods and procedures used to collect these data or how to obtain the data?

Large national and state-based surveys

The DRC maintains a Catalog of Surveys and Archive of Procedures Related to Oral Health which contain descriptions of these surveys, information on procedures used to collect oral health data, links to each survey's home page and information about obtaining data sets. Public release data sets for several of these surveys can be downloaded at Web sites for those surveys.

CDC's National Center for Health Statistics:

CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion:

Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Voluntarily reported information from state oral health programs

  • State Oral Health Surveys. NOHSS includes descriptions of the methods used by each state reporting survey results and contact information regarding use of the data.
  • Water Fluoridation Reporting System (WFRS). WFRS is a secure system operated by CDC in cooperation with ASTDD and participating states. States voluntarily enter water fluoridation data into WFRS. Participating states choose to report some data through NOHSS, Synopses, Maps, and MWF. A description of the methods used to collect data is available at Water Fluoridation Reporting System Fact Sheet.

Information from partnerships with national organizations

Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors (ASTDD)

  • ASTDD is a membership organization of the directors of oral health programs in the 50 States, Washington, DC, and U.S.-associated jurisdictions.
  • Information about collection and use of the Synopses data set is available at About the Synopses.

American Dental Association (ADA)

  • ADA is a membership organization of dentists and dental students in the U.S. and abroad.
  • ADA's survey center collects a variety of information about the practice of dentistry and dental education. Results from these surveys are reported in publications available for purchase from the ADA Web site. A list of dental programs including their accreditation practice is available on the ADA Web site. The number of accredited dental and dental hygiene programs from this list is reported annually in ASTDD's Synopses survey.



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