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Archived
June, 2007


Hispanic Health Program


                       REDUCING TOBACCO
                      RELATED DISPARITIES

WHAT IS THE PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM?


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Smoking is responsible for 87% of lung cancer deaths in the United States, and is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Hispanics/Latinos.

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Cigarette smoking among Hispanic/Latino high school seniors declined from 35.7% in 1977 to 20.6% in 1989; however, smoking prevalence has been increasing in the 1990s — from 21.7% in 1990 to 27.3% in 1999.


WHAT HAS CDC ACCOMPLISHED?

Hispanic/Latino Adult Tobacco Survey (ATS)
CDC’s Office of Smoking and Health (OSH) is working to modify the Adult Tobacco Survey instrument to be culturally appropriate for Hispanic/Latino communities. In the next two years the Hispanic/Latino instrument, accompanied by a detailed training manual, will be implemented in several communities as part of a pilot survey. OSH is forming work groups to review the ATS for specific Hispanic/Latino subgroups.

Expert Panel
OSH convened a Hispanic/Latino expert panel in August 2002, "Effective Tobacco Control in Hispanic/Latino Communities: Un Intercambio de Ideas." The panel was composed of about 30 researchers, program planners, communicators, and community advocates. The primary purpose of the meeting was to identify key issues related to tobacco control in Hispanic/Latino communities to help OSH and its partners better serve their needs. Specific topics included surveillance and other research, evaluation of the tobacco control programs, program and policy approaches, and health communication strategies.

Youth Tobacco Survey (YTS)
OSH has provided technical assistance to various states in applying the YTS over-sampling techniques to examine youth tobacco behavior among Hispanics/Latinos
.


WHAT ARE THE NEXT STEPS?

Preventing tobacco use requires national commitment. CDC will continue to support programs which will help minority populations to understand the dangers of smoking and help them to decrease their smoking habits. If effective tobacco control strategies are implemented, we will achieve the Healthy People 2010 objectives of reducing the percentage of the all U.S. populations who smoke cigarettes and prevent more than four million deaths that would otherwise occur due to tobacco-related diseases.

OSH’s Strategic Plan has the following goal strategies for identifying and eliminating tobacco-related disparities among specific population groups:
  Develop significant terms and definitions relevant for the work on tobacco-related disparities.
  Increase collaborations with existing national partners and new partners representing populations at risk for tobacco-related disparities.
  Increase the availability of data (quantitative and qualitative) that guide work on tobacco-related disparities.
  Increase the capacity and infrastructure of states, territories, tribal support centers, national networks, and disparately affected populations to address tobacco-related disparities.
  Increase the level of community competency and capacity in disparately affected populations to ensure implementation of evidence-based interventions for (1) preventing initiation among youth and young adults; (2) promoting quitting among adults and youth; and (3) reducing exposure to secondhand smoke.

 

For more information, contact the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Mailstop K11, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341: (770) 488-5555: ccdinfo@cdc.gov: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/.


Back to the Hispanic/Latino Populations Page

 

 

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