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Last Reviewed: Sept. 15, 2009
Last Modified: Oct. 8, 2010
Content Source:
Office of Minority Health & Health Disparities (OMHD)


Multiracial Populations

Floral Runner, 1880 from the Smithsonian Institute http://www.smithsonian.org/copyright/
 

Demographics 10 Leading Causes of Death Health Disparities
Slides Health Statistics Government Resources
Non-Government Resources Funding Sources
Notes

 

Demographics
Multiracial Americans are those people who belong to two or more of the federally designated racial categories.1
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, approximately 6.8 million Americans -- 2.4 percent of the total U.S. population -- self-identify with two or more racial categories.
The Census Bureau has not made any projections about the rate of growth of Multiracial Americans in the coming decades.
The highest concentrations of Multiracial Americans live in Alaska, California, Hawaii, and Washington.2
Statistics
The Two or More Populations, 2000 (pdf)  US Census Bureau Brief

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10 Leading Causes of Death
All Population, U.S., 2007 (All Races & Ethnicities)
  1. Heart disease 6. Alzheimer's Disease
  2. Cancer 7. Diabetes
  3. Stroke 8. Influenza and pneumonia
  4. Chronic lower respiratory disease 9. Nephritis, Nephrotic syndrome, and Nephrosis
  5. Unintentional injuries 10. Septicemia
Statistics
Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity (pdf)
Health, U.S., 2010, Table 26.

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Health Disparities
Census 2000 was the first U.S. census which allowed individuals to self-identify with more than one racial and ethnic category.  It is very difficult to make generalizations about which health conditions are most prevalent among Multiracial Americans, as there is little research about this group.
In the coming years, as more data is collected, a clearer picture of the health status of Multiracial Americans will emerge.
For more information on some of the health disparities faced by the Multiracial community click below for slides and statistics on that topic.
Statistics
Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity, (pdf) Health, U.S., 2006, Table 29
Mid Course Review, Healthy People 2010
Data 2010, Healthy People 2010

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Slides
  Slides showing Disparity (ppt)
PowerPoint Presentation on the Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities (OMHD) containing data slides (beginning with slide 21) comparing U.S. incidence or mortality rates by race/ethnicity.
To view these slides in PDF format, see Slides (PDF)

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Health Statistics
CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
  Health Data Interactive
  Health, United States, 2006
  Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity, (pdf) Table 28
  Leading Causes of Death by Race/Ethnicity, (pdf) Table 30
  Healthy People 2010
  Data 2010
  Mid Course Review
U.S. Census Bureau
  The Two or More Races Population, Brief, 2000 (pdf)

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Government Resources
  CDC
  National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP)
    Office of Health Disparities, NCHSTP
    Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention
  National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP)
  National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)
  National Immunization Program (NIP)
  National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  Cancer Health Disparities National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
  National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  SAMHSA (Mental Health)
  Mental Health
SAMHSA Surgeon General's Report
  Other
  Executive Orders & Departmental Initiatives

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Non-Government Resources
  Alzheimer's Association
  American Cancer Society (ACS)
  Americans Diabetes Association (ADA)
  American Heart Association (AHA)
  American Lung Association (ALA)
  Association of MultiEthnic Americans (AMEA)
  Institute for MultiRacial Justice
  International Interracial Association
  Multicultural Mental Health Resources
  Multiracial Family Circle
  National SIDS Resource Center (NSRC)

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Funding
  CDC Funding Opportunities

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Sources
  1 Census Bureau, Census 2000 Brief: Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin, 2000.(pdf)
  2 The Two or More Populations, 2000 (pdf)  US Census Bureau Brief

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Notes
  Census 2000 adheres to the federal standards for collecting and presenting data on race and Hispanic origin as established by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in October 1997 and subsequent guidelines.  One of the most important changes for Census 2000 was the revision of the questions on race and Hispanic origin to better reflect the country’s growing diversity. The federal government considers race and Hispanic origin to be two separate and distinct concepts. In addition, Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders are counted as two separate and distinct racial groups. Because of these changes, the Census 2000 data on race are not directly comparable with data from the 1990 census or earlier censuses. Caution must be used when interpreting changes in the racial composition of the U.S. population over time.
  Census Bureau Glossary of Terms: Race, 2000.
  Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Provisional Guidance on the Implementation of the 1997 Standards for Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity, 2000.
  OMB Recommendations form the Interagency Committee for the Review of the Racial and Ethnic Standards to the OMB Concerning Changes to the Stnadards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity, 1997.

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Populations
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  Disability
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  red square Racial & Ethnic Minority Populations
  American Indian & Alaska Native
  Asian American
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  Multiracial
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