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Archived
June, 2007


Highlights in Minority Health
& Health Disparities
July/August, 2006

Have a Safe and Healthy Summer!
 

HAVE A SAFE & HEALTHY SUMMER!
Every year Americans look forward to summer vacations, camping, family reunions, picnics, and the Fourth of July.  Summertime, however, also brings drownings, injuries from fireworks, and other seasonal illnesses and injuries.1  Keep yourself and your loved ones safe and healthy as you head for summer!2
EXAMPLES OF IMPORTANT HEALTH DISPARITIES
Water-Related Fatalities
Swimming and wading can be fun, active, and healthy ways to spend time in the summer.1 This summer, swimming pools will be filled with millions of people having fun and staying cool.3  But in 2003, there were 3,306 fatal drownings in the United States, averaging nine people per day. This does not include drownings in boating-related incidents.4
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In 2003, American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) had an age-adjusted drowning death rate of 2.2 per 100,000, 1.7 times higher than the rate for non-Hispanic whites (1.3 per 100,000).5

  red arrow AI/AN males were especially at risk for drowning in 2003, with an age-adjusted death rate of 3.6 per 100,000, compared to 1.9 per 100,000 for non-Hispanic white males.5
  red arrow In 2003, African American children ages 5 to 19 years were 2.3 times more likely to drown as non-Hispanic white children in the same age group (African Americans: 1.6 per 100,000 vs. whites: 0.7 per 100,000).5
  red arrow In 2003, males of all races were 3.5 times more likely to drown than were females, with an age-adjusted drowning death rate of 2.1 per 100,000 (compared to females: 0.6 per 100,000).5
  red arrow In 2003, children 0-4 years were 2.2 times more likely to drown than those ages 5 and higher (0-4 years: 2.8; 5+ years: 1.2).5  The most common locations of nonfatal injuries for the very young children were residential pools.  As children grew older, more injuries occurred in natural water settings.4

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Fireworks-Related Injuries
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission estimates that about 9,600 people were treated in emergency rooms in 2004 for injuries associated with fireworks. Most injuries involved the hands, head, eyes, face, and ear.6  The U.S. Fire Administrationís (USFA) National Fire Data Center estimates that improper use of fireworks causes more than 6,000 fires and more than $8 million in damage.1
  red arrow About 70% of fireworks-related injuries in 2004 occurred between June 19 and July 19 (6,600 total).  Males represented about 75% of all fireworks injuries in this period, with 5,000 injuries.6
  red arrow About 41% of persons injured from fireworks from June 19 - July 19, 2004 were children ages 14 years and younger.6
  red arrow From June 19 - July 19 2004, children ages 5 to 9 years had a fireworks-related injury rate of 5.5 per 100,000 people, the highest rate of all ages.6

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FOR MORE INFORMATION
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  blue sphere Boating Safety
  blue sphere CDC Highlights Summer Health and Safety Tips
  blue sphere Food-Related Diseases
  blue sphere Food Safety Office
  blue sphere Spotlight on Injuries from Fireworks
  blue sphere Swim Healthy, Swim Safely
  blue sphere Water-Related Diseases
  blue sphere Water-Related Injuries
  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
  blue sphere Summer Fire Safety Tips
  National Womenís Health Information Center (NWHIC)
  blue sphere Summer Safety
  blue sphere Water Safety
  U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
  blue sphere
 
CPSC Stops Hazardous Products At the Docks: Preventing Fireworks Injuries and Deaths
  blue sphere 2004 Fireworks Annual Report
  blue sphere
 
CPSC Warns: Summer Fun Brings More Emergency Room Visits
  U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  blue sphere Have Fun This Summer, Safely!
  blue sphere A Primer on Summer Safety
  www.Foodsafety.gov
  National Fire Protection Association

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SOURCES
1. U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), Summer Fire Safety Tips, 2006
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Swim Healthy, Swim Safely
3. CDC, Questions and Answers for Swimmers, 2002
4. CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Water-Related Injuries: Fact Sheet, 2006
5. CDC, NCIPC, Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), WISQARS Injury Mortality Reports, 1999 - 2003
6. U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2004 Fireworks Annual Report: Fireworks-Related Deaths, Emergency Department-Treated Injuries,  and Enforcement Activities During 2004, June 2005

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