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Archived
June, 2007


Highlights in Minority Health
December 1st, 2005
World AIDS Day
HIV/AIDS IN FOCUS

Introduction For More Information: HHS, CDC
Examples of Disparities Sources

 

DECEMBER 1st, 2005 IS WORLD AIDS DAY
 
In 2003, approximately 40 million people around the world were living with HIV/AIDS, including 2.5 million children under the age of fifteen1. More than 900,000 cases of AIDS have been reported in the United States since 19812; and an estimated 40,000 Americans become infected with HIV every year3.  At the end of 2003, an estimated one million persons in the United States were living with HIV/AIDS, with 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection4. HIV infection is the sixth leading cause of death for people who are 25-44 years old in the United States5.
HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects minorities. Racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States, primarily African Americans and Hispanics, constitute 58% of the AIDS cases reported since the epidemic began6. For example, although African American and Hispanic/Latino persons represent about one-quarter of the country’s population7, more than two-thirds (70.0%) of new AIDS cases reported to CDC are among these populations4.
More Examples of Important Disparities
  red arrow In 2001, HIV/AIDS was among the top three causes of death for African American men aged 25-54 years and among the top 4 causes of death for African American women aged 20-54 years8.
  red arrow AIDS is a leading cause of death among African-American men ages 25-446, and African American women ages 25-34 years (2003)9.
  red arrow As of December 2003, 67% of all women reported with AIDS were African American and 16% were Hispanic/Latina6.
  red arrow Of the 59 pediatric AIDS cases reported in 2003, 40 were in African Americans (67.8%) and 7 were in Hispanics/Latinos (11.9%)6.

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FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT HIV/AIDS
   
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
      National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
        AIDS/HIV
      National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP)
        Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention
          Brochures
          HIV/AIDS Information Resources
          Fact Sheets
      Global AIDS Program
      Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities (OMHD)
        Eliminate Disparities in HIV and AIDS
        Hispanic Health Program: Minority AIDS Initiative
        HIV/AIDS News
       

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      Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)
        Incorporating HIV Prevention into the Medical Care of Persons Living with HIV; July 18, 2003 / 52(RR12); 1-24
        A Method for Classification of HIV Exposure Category for Women Without HIV Risk Information; May 11, 2001 / 50(RR06); 31-40
        Diagnosis and Reporting of HIV and AIDS in States with HIV/AIDS Surveillance --- United States, 1994—2000; July 12, 2002 / 51(27); 595-598
        HIV Prevention Through Early Detection and Treatment of Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases -- United States Recommendations of the Advisory Committee for HIV and STD Prevention; July 31, 1998 / 47(RR12); 1-24
        HIV Prevalence, Unrecognized Infection, and HIV Testing Among Men Who Have Sex with Men --- Five U.S. Cities, June 2004--April 2005; June 24, 2005 / 54(24);597-601
        National HIV Testing Day at CDC-Funded HIV Counseling, Testing, and Referral Sites --- United States, 1994—1998; June 23, 2000 / 49(24); 529-532
        Prenatal Discussion of HIV Testing and Maternal HIV Testing -- 14 States, 1996-1997; May 21, 1999 / 48(19); 401-404
        HIV Diagnoses Among Injection-Drug Users in States with HIV Surveillance --- 25 States, 1994—2000; July 11, 2003 / 52(27); 634-636
        Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis; September 30, 2005 / 54(RR09); 1-17
 

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Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

      Press Releases
        HHS Awards Almost $1.7 Billion for HIV/AIDS Care
        HHS' Comprehensive Fight Against HIV/AIDS
        President Proposes Increase in Minority AIDS Funding
        Scientific Review Panel Confirms Condoms are Effective Against HIV/AIDS, but Epidemiological Studies are Insufficient for Other STDs
      Testimony
        HIV/AIDS In Persons 50 Years of Age and Older
        Domestic HIV/AIDS Care Programs
        Domestic HIV/AIDS Surveillance: Current Trends and Status of HIV Reporting
        House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs
       

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    Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
      HIV and AIDS
    Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
      Global HIV/AIDS Program
      HIV/AIDS Bureau
    Indian Health Service (IHS)
      HIV Center of Excellence
       American Indian and Alaska Native HIV/AIDS Women’s Health
      Native American AIDS Specific Links/Resources
      Treatment Resources: AIDS Care & Treatment Links
    National Women’s Health Information Center
      Women and HIV/AIDS
    Office for Civil Rights
      HIV/AIDS
    Office of Minority Health (OMH)
      Minority AIDS Initiative
       

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    National Institutes of Health (NIH)
      AIDS Info
      HIV/AIDS Information
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
      AIDS Fact Sheets and Brochures
      AIDS News Releases
      HIV Infection in Minority Populations
    National Institute on Aging (NIA)
      HIV, AIDS, and Older People
    National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
      Drugs of Abuse and HIV/AIDS Information
    National Library of Medicine
      AIDS
      HIV Infection
       

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    Office of National AIDS Policy
    Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS
  U.S. State Department
    Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator
    Engendering Bold Leadership: The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
  USAID
    HIV/AIDS
  U.S. Census Bureau
    HIV/AIDS Surveillance
  Department of Justice (DOJ)
    HIV in Prisons, 2001
  World Health Organization (WHO)
    HIV Infections
  United Nations (UN)
    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

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SOURCES

1. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and World Health Organization (WHO), Global Summary of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, December 2003
2. National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), HIV Infection and AIDS: An Overview, 2005
3. CDC, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP), HIV Prevention Saves Lives, 2001
4. CDC, NCHSTP, Basic Statistics, 2003
5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Health, United States, 2004, table 32
6. NIH, NIAID, HIV Infection in Minority Populations, 2005
7. CDC, Office of Minority Health and Health Disparities (OMHD), Eliminate Disparities in HIV and AIDS, 2003
8. CDC, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP), HIV/AIDS Among African Americans, 2005
9. CDC, NCHS, National Vital Statistics Report, November 7, 2003, 52(9), table 1 (p. 32)

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