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June, 2007

Highlights in Minority Health
August, 2005

Have a Safe and Healthy Summer!

Every year Americans look forward to summer vacations, camping, family reunions, picnics, and the Fourth of July.  Summertime, however, also brings drownings, injuries from fireworks, and other seasonal illnesses and injuries.  Keep yourself and your loved ones safe and healthy as you head for summer!
Water-Related Fatalities
Swimming and wading can be fun, active, and healthy ways to spend time in the summer. This summer, swimming pools will be filled with millions of people having fun and staying cool. But in 2000, there were 3,281 unintentional drownings in the United States, averaging nine people per day. This does not include drownings in boating-related incidents.
  red arrow In 2002, American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) had an age-adjusted drowning death rate of 2.4 per 100,000, 1.8 times higher than the rate for non-Hispanic whites (1.3 per 100,000).
  red arrow AI/AN males were especially at risk for drowning in 2002, with an age-adjusted death rate of 3.4 per 100,000, compared to 2.0 per 100,000 for non-Hispanic white males and 1.3 per 100,000 for AI/AN females.
  red arrow In 2002, African American children ages 5 to 19 years were 2.6 times more likely to drown as non-Hispanic white children in the same age group (crude rates are African Americans: 2.2 per 100,000 vs. whites: 0.8 per 100,000).
  red arrow In 2002, males of all races were 3.6 times more likely to drown than were females, with an age-adjusted drowning death rate of 2.26 per 100,000 (compared to females: 0.63 per 100,000).
  red arrow In 2002, children 0-4 years were 2.2 times more likely to drown than those ages 5 and higher (crude rates are 0-4 years: 2.9; 5+ years: 1.3).  The most common locations of nonfatal injuries for the very young children were residential pools.  As children grew older, more injuries occurred in natural water settings.
Fireworks-Related Injuries
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission estimates that about 8,800 people were treated in emergency rooms in 2002 for injuries associated with fireworks. Most injuries involved the hands, head, and eyes.  The U.S. Fire Administrationís (USFA) National Fire Data Center estimates that improper use of fireworks causes more than 6,000 fires and more than $8 million in damage.
  red arrow About 70% of fireworks-related injuries in 2003 occurred between June 20 and July 20.  Males represented 72% of all fireworks injuries in this period, with 4,900 injuries.  Males are at greater risk for fireworks injuries at all ages.
  red arrow About 45.6% of persons injured from fireworks in 2003 were children ages 14 years and younger.
  red arrow From June 20-July 20 2003, children ages 5 to 9 years had a fireworks-related injury rate of 6.5 per 100,000 people, the highest rate of all ages.
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  blue sphere Boating Safety
  blue sphere CDC Highlights Summer Health and Safety Tips
  blue sphere Food-Related Diseases
  blue sphere Food Safety Office
  blue sphere Spotlight on Injuries from Fireworks
  blue sphere Swim Healthy, Swim Safely
  blue sphere Water-Related Diseases
  blue sphere Water-Related Injuries
  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
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Summer Fire Safety Tips

  National Womenís Health Information Center (NWHIC)
  blue sphere Summer Sun is a Vision Threat
  blue sphere Water Safety
  U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
  blue sphere
CPSC Stops Hazardous Products At the Docks: Preventing Fireworks Injuries and Deaths
  blue sphere 2001Fireworks Annual Report
  blue sphere
CPSC Warns: Summer Fun Brings More Emergency Room Visits
  U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  blue sphere Have Fun This Summer, Safely!
  blue sphere A Primer on Summer Safety
  National Fire Protection Association



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