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Archived
June, 2007


Highlights in Minority Health
April, 2005

Cancer Prevention & Control

 

APRIL 18th - 22nd  IS MINORITY CANCER AWARENESS WEEK
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, causing more than 500,000 deaths each year. The burden of cancer is not distributed equally—many racial and ethnic minority groups suffer from higher incidence, higher mortality, and poorer survival rates than white Americans.
Race/ethnicity interacts in complex ways with socioeconomic status (SES), income, education, employment, occupation, living conditions, health insurance, quality of care, and other social factors to influence differences in cancer risk factors, screening, incidence, mortality, and survival among minority populations.
 
EXAMPLES OF IMPORTANT DISPARITIES RELATED TO  CANCER
  red arrow African Americans have the highest cancer death rate of all racial/ethnic groups (African Americans: 238.8 per 100,000; Non-Hispanic white: 195.6; All populations: 193.5; Hispanic/Latino: 128.4; American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/AN): 125.4; Asian/Pacific Islander: 113.6) (2002).
  red arrow African-American females have the highest death rate from breast cancer, even though whites have a higher incidence rate (breast cancer death rate for African Americans: 34.5 per 100,000; whites: 25.4; Hispanic/Latinas: 16.3; Asian/Pacific Islanders: 12.8) (2001).
  red arrow Cervical cancer incidence and mortality is highest among African American women (incidence: 11.9 per 100,000; mortality: 4.8 per 100,000) and Hispanic/Latina women (incidence: 11.8 per 100,000; mortality: 3.4 per 100,000). This compares to cervical cancer incidence (8.4 per 100,000) and mortality (2.7 per 100,000) of the general population (2001).  
  red arrow Asians and Pacific Islanders women have the highest incidence rates of liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer and stomach cancer (liver incidence: 6.8 per 100,000; stomach incidence: 11.0 per 100,000).  This compares to stomach cancer incidence rates (4.8 per 100,000) and Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer incidence rates (2.7 per 100,000) for women of all racial/ethnic groups (2001).
  red arrow Asians and Pacific Islanders men have the highest incidence rates of liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer and stomach cancer (liver incidence: 20.1 per 100,000; stomach incidence: 18.0 per 100,000).  This compares to liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer incidence rates (7.5 per 100,000) and stomach cancer incidence rates (10.0 per 100,000) for men of all racial/ethnic groups (2001).
  red arrow From 1996-2000, among females, American Indian/Alaska Natives had the third highest rate of death from lung and bronchus cancer (26.2 per 100,000), after whites (41.5 per 100,000) and African-Americans (40.0 per 100,000).
  red arrow Males are 1.5 times more likely to die from cancer than are females (male cancer mortality rate: 238.9 per 100,000; female cancer mortality rate: 163.1 per 100,000) (2002).
 
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT CANCER
  National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promotion (NCCDPHP)
    NCCDPHP Cancer Prevention and Control


 

 

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