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Archived
June, 2007


Highlights in Minority Health
April 2004

National Minority Health Month (NMHM)
 

APRIL IS NATIONAL MINORITY HEALTH MONTH

The goals of the National Minority Health Month Group are to build public/private partnerships, foster cultural competency among health care providers, encourage health education and training, and expand the use of state-of-the-art technology, and to provide leadership in the consistent, comparable, and predictable monitoring and reporting of the health status of all vulnerable populations, including but not limited to Blacks and African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians.

EXAMPLES OF IMPORTANT DISPARITIES

HHS has selected six focus areas in which racial and ethnic minorities experience serious disparities in health access and outcomes. These six health areas were selected for emphasis because they reflect areas of disparity that are known to affect multiple racial and ethnic minority groups at all life stages:

  Infant Mortality

 

African-American, American Indian, and Puerto Rican infants have higher death rates than white infants. In 2000, the black-to-white ratio in infant mortality was 2.5 (up from 2.4 in 1998). This widening disparity between black and white infants is a trend that has persisted over the last two decades.

  Cancer Screening and Management

 

African-American women are more than twice as likely to die of cervical cancer as are white women and are more likely to die of breast cancer than are women of any other racial or ethnic group.

  Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

 

Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death for all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. In 2000, rates of death from diseases of the heart were 29 percent higher among African-American adults than among white adults, and death rates from stroke were 40 percent higher.

  Diabetes

 

In 2000, American Indians and Alaska Natives were 2.6 times more likely to have diagnosed diabetes compared with non-Hispanic Whites, African Americans were 2.0 times more likely, and Hispanics were 1.9 times more likely.

  HIV Infection/AIDS

 

Although African Americans and Hispanics represented only 26 percent of the U.S. population in 2001, they accounted for 66 percent of adult AIDS cases and 82 percent of pediatric AIDS cases reported in the first half of that year.

  Immunizations

 

In 2001, Hispanics and African Americans aged 65 and older were less likely than Non-Hispanic whites to report having received influenza and pneumococcal vaccines.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
CDCís Office of Minority Health Fact Sheets
Eliminate Disparities in:
Cancer Screening and Management
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Diabetes
HIV Infection/AIDS
Immunizations
Infant Mortality
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promotion (NCCDPHP)
  Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health  Program (REACH 2010)
National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)           
  Trends in Racial and Ethnic-Specific Rates for the Health Status Indicators: United States, 1990-98.
Office of Communication
Racial & Ethnic Health Disparities Fact Sheet
Office of Urban Affairs
Minority Health Program
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
 
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
Office of Minority Health Resource Center
April is Minority Health and Health Disparities Month
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
Office of Minority Health
Healthy People 2010
 
Indian Health Service (IHS)
 
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD)
U.S. Census Bureau
Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin
National Minority Health Month Organization (NMHM)


 

 

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