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Contact: Fred Blosser (202) 260-8519
July 17, 1995
The National Institute for Occupational safety and Health (NIOSH) recently released an Alert which details hazardous jobs for adolescent workers. The document reveals that motor vehicle deaths accounted for the greatest number of work-related deaths of 16 and 17-year-olds between 1980-1989. Motor vehicle deaths include delivery services, road construction work, and work at gas stations. Other leading causes of death include delivery services, road construction work , and work at gas stations. Other leading causes of death include machine related incidents, electrocutions, assaults and violent acts, and falls, Related research indicates that many adolescent workplace deaths may be associated with activities prohibited by child labor laws.
"While the benefits of working are clear, we must recognize that thousands of adolescents are injured or killed in the workplace each year, " said Dr. Linda Rosenstock, NIOSH Director. "Work should be a fulfilling and educational life experience for young people, not a life threatening one."
NIOSH estimates that nearly 64, 000 adolescents required treatment in hospital emergency rooms for work-related injuries in 1992. Burns associated with food service and sprains and strains due to overexertion are among the most serious. Sixty-eight percent of those injured experienced limitations in their normal activities for at least one day and 25% experienced limitations for more than a week. More than half of those injured reported that they had not received any safety and health training.
In addition to injuries, hazardous materials and working conditions are also a concern for adolescents. They may be exposed to pesticides in farm work and lawn care, benzene at gasoline stations, asbestos and silica in construction and maintenance work, and high levels of noise in manufacturing, construction, and agriculture. These exposure may result in immediate illness or may not be detected for months or years later.
The United States has more of its children in the workforce than any other developed country. We must ensure that our young people reap the benefits of employment without becoming victim to the hazards which all to often accompany work.
NIOSH requests assistance in protecting the safety of this country's working adolescent population. The following page contains information on how we can all do our part to protect the workforce of the future.
To receive a copy of the NIOSH Alert, Preventing Deaths and Injuries of Adolescent Workers (Pub No. 95-125) or for more information on these or other workplace concerns call: 1-800-35-NIOSH.
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 95-115