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YOUNG WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH

Current NIOSH Intramural Research on Young Workers

teen waitressNIOSH has played a lead role in efforts to reduce injuries and illnesses among young workers, with an emphasis on workers less than 18 years of age and the agricultural sector. NIOSH has conducted and supported surveillance, risk factor, and intervention evaluation research. NIOSH has disseminated research findings and worked with others in collaborative outreach.

Childhood Agricultural Injury Surveillance
The purpose of this project is to conduct surveillance of childhood agricultural injuries and to assess the impact of the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative over time. Major outputs from this surveillance project include NIOSH documents, journal articles, databases, technical papers, press releases, and presentations. These outputs have been and will continue to be used by the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative to: formulate baseline measures for childhood agricultural injuries, monitor nonfatal and fatal injury patterns, assess farm hazards and exposures, prioritize research and intervention programs, and evaluate intervention efforts. Intermediate outcomes that have resulted from this project include the use of outputs by extramural researchers to support their childhood agricultural injury intervention programs, estimate the number of youth working on farms and using tractors on farms, and track changes in youth farm injury rates over time.

Project Contact: Kitty Hendricks
Division of Safety Research

Child Agricultural Injury Prevention
The purpose of this project is to implement the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative (CAIP) by implementing recommendations from the 2001 Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Summit and the 1996 National Action Plan. Through this Initiative, NIOSH will: (1) assume a leadership role in federal efforts to prevent childhood agricultural injuries; (2) develop a grant/cooperative agreement program needed to identify and implement effective prevention strategies (three cooperative agreements and 31 grants have been funded to-date); and (3) establish a National Childhood Center to assist in disseminating promising research findings and translating these findings into plain and easy to understand language for practitioners and farm families. The goal of the NIOSH CAIP Initiative is to increase effective childhood agricultural injury prevention strategies and expand federal cooperation in this area to reduce childhood agricultural injuries.

Project Contact: David Hard
Division of Safety Research

Charting the Future of the North American Guidelines for Children’s Agricultural Tasks
This project proposes to identify and convene a group of childhood agricultural safety and health experts to review the literature for scientific research which would impact recommendations in the current NAGCATs, plan a future course for the NAGCAT and provide recommendations for adding to or deleting any of the current NAGCATs. The goal is to have updated NAGCATs for the work which youth can safely do in agriculture based on child development principles and with the latest scientific evidence to plan a course of action for the continuation of the NAGCATs into the future. The continued relevancy of the NAGCATs to farm parents and encompassing the latest scientific findings as they relate to children’s safety while working in agriculture are of the highest concern. The project will result in a scientific review of research which would be applicable to the NAGCAT for possible revision. Where there is scientific evidence for revision, the NAGCAT will be revised. This will result in safer youth working conditions on farms where they are utilized.

Project Contact: David Hard
Division of Safety Research

Evaluation of OSHA Restaurant E-Tool Learning Tool
The purpose of this study was to conduct an evaluation of an existing E-Tool that is designed to teach youth workers about workplace safety specific to working in restaurants and fast food establishments. Output was a report to OSHA Developers detailing recommendations from subject matter experts and a teen panel designed to help OSHA improve the product. OSHA used the input to improve the web based product delivery to teen workers.

Project Contact: Carol Stephenson
Education and Information Division

Dissemination and Integration of OSH to Young Workers
The goal of this project is to maintain, improve, and promote “Talking Safety,” the NIOSH curriculum for young workers. The major output each year is the updated curriculum, which is customized for each of the 50 states to reflect both federal and state child labor laws. Additional outputs include conference presentations, training workshops, and articles in trade and teacher magazines. The desired outcome of this effort is adoption of the curriculum by high schools so that the skills inherent in the curriculum are taught as life skills needed for youth to become productive, safe workers.

Project Contact: Carol Stephenson
Education and Information Division

Promoting OSH into Educational Settings
This project promotes occupational safety and health (OSH) among school students/young workers and educators. It includes three national safety competitions among students, teachers, and colleges and universities along with national and international collaboration with OSH organizations. Review, technical support, prevention, and project management are provided to NIOSH’s Office of Extramural Programs for colleges and universities to continue their NIOSH Educational Grants Program to produce OSH graduates.

Project Contact: Thomas Lentz
Education and Information Division

Preventing Young Worker Injuries by Outreach to Community Clinics
This project is designing and disseminating information and training for community clinic health care personnel who serve adolescent populations to: 1) encourage them to recognize employment issues; and 2) provide them with effective, age-appropriate, multi-lingual informational tools to provide injury and illness prevention education to working teens. This project is conducted in collaboration with the Labor Occupational Health Program (LOHP) at the University of California, Berkeley, which has established working relationships with several consortia of community clinics in California, both private and public, that serve the most vulnerable populations. Many of these clinics have adolescent health clinic programs, which may be either school or community-based. LOHP will also work through these consortia, and with the California School Health Centers Association, to survey a broader group of adolescent health programs in California, focusing on those that serve immigrant and other vulnerable populations. This project aims to produce a tool kit for schools and community based health care providers to alert young workers about potential job hazards and the safety and health resources available.

Project Contact: Sherry Baron
Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies

 
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  • Page last reviewed: June 19, 2014
  • Page last updated: May 25, 2011
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