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Current NIOSH Intramural Research on Young Workers

NIOSH has played a lead role in efforts to reduce injuries and illnesses among young workers, with an emphasis on workers less than 18 years of age and the agricultural sector. NIOSH has conducted and supported surveillance, risk factor, and intervention evaluation research. NIOSH has disseminated research findings and worked with others in collaborative outreach.

Agricultural Injury Surveillance
One of the efforts of this project is to conduct surveillance of childhood agricultural injuries and to assess the impact of the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative over time. Major outputs from this surveillance project include NIOSH documents, journal articles, databases, technical papers, press releases, and presentations. These outputs have been and will continue to be used by the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative to: formulate baseline measures for childhood agricultural injuries, monitor nonfatal and fatal injury patterns, assess farm hazards and exposures, prioritize research and intervention programs, and evaluate intervention efforts. Intermediate outcomes that have resulted from this project include the use of outputs by extramural researchers to support their childhood agricultural injury intervention programs, estimate the number of youth working on farms and using tractors on farms, and track changes in youth farm injury rates over time.

Project Contact: Kitty Hendricks
Division of Safety Research

Child Agricultural Injury Prevention
The purpose of this project is to implement the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative (CAIP) by implementing recommendations from the 2001 Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Summit and the 1996 National Action Plan. Through this Initiative, NIOSH will: (1) assume a leadership role in federal efforts to prevent childhood agricultural injuries; (2) develop a grant/cooperative agreement program needed to identify and implement effective prevention strategies (three cooperative agreements and 31 grants have been funded to-date); and (3) establish a National Childhood Center to assist in disseminating promising research findings and translating these findings into plain and easy to understand language for practitioners and farm families. The goal of the NIOSH CAIP Initiative is to increase effective childhood agricultural injury prevention strategies and expand federal cooperation in this area to reduce childhood agricultural injuries.

Project Contact: David Hard
Division of Safety Research

Dissemination and Integration of OSH to Young Workers
The goal of this project is to maintain, improve, and promote “Talking Safety,” the NIOSH curriculum for young workers. The major output each year is the updated curriculum, which is customized for each of the 50 states to reflect both federal and state child labor laws. Additional outputs include conference presentations, training workshops, and articles in trade and teacher magazines. The desired outcome of this effort is adoption of the curriculum by high schools so that the skills inherent in the curriculum are taught as life skills needed for youth to become productive, safe workers.

Project Contact: Rebecca Guerin
Education and Information Division

National Children’s Center for Rural Agricultural Health and Safety
The National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety strives to enhance the safety and health of all children exposed to hazards associated with agricultural work and rural environments, through national leadership, development of guidelines where empirical evidence does not exist or regulations do not apply, through formal and informal partnerships with relevant stakeholder groups, and via outreach communications to the agricultural community. NCCRAHS interacts with all regional NIOSH Agricultural Centers and leads efforts to coordinate activities of childhood agricultural safety advocates across the U.S.

Project Contact: Steve Dearwent
Office of Extramural Programs