PESTICIDE ILLNESS & INJURY SURVEILLANCE
The mission of the Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risk (SENSOR) program is to build and maintain occupational illness and injury surveillance capacity within state health departments. Under this program, NIOSH provides and technical support to state health departments to conduct surveillance on one or more occupational illnesses or injuries. One of the illnesses supported under SENSOR is acute occupational pesticide-related illness and injury. A total of 12 states participate in the SENSOR-Pesticides program. Health departments in five states (California, Iowa, Michigan, New York, and Washington) receive NIOSH funding and technical support to bolster pesticide-related illness and injury surveillance. Six additional states receive technical support from NIOSH: three (Florida, Louisiana, and North Carolina) are funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and four (Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, and Texas) are federally unfunded SENSOR-Pesticides partners. Funding support for the SENSOR-Pesticides program is also provided to NIOSH by EPA.
SENSOR-Pesticides National Aggregated Database
Besides tabulating the number of acute occupational pesticide-related cases, these SENSOR-supported surveillance systems perform in-depth investigations for case confirmation, and develop preventive interventions aimed at particular industries or pesticide hazards. The SENSOR-Pesticides program is most useful for timely identification of outbreaks and emerging pesticide problems. However, a national aggregated database is also available. It consists of acute occupational pesticide-related illness and injury cases submitted by the SENSOR-pesticides states in 1998 to 2006. This database is useful to assess the magnitude and trend of acute occupational pesticide-related illness and injury.
Poison Control Center Data, 2006-2011
The National Poison Data System (NPDS) is a compilation of poison exposure phone calls received by the poison control centers within the United States. These poison control centers serve the 50 US States and the District of Columbia. NIOSH uses NPDS data to track acute work-related pesticide poisonings, and is one of 19 Occupational Health Indicators (i.e., indicator #11 deals with Acute Work-Related Pesticide Poisonings Reported to Poison Control Centers). The Occupational Health Indicators were defined by the Occupational Health Surveillance Work Group that consists of NIOSH staff and representatives appointed by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) . CSTE is an organization of member states and territories representing public health epidemiologists, and it works to establish more effective relationships among state and other health agencies.
This animated map shows the acute work-related pesticide poisoning incidence rate (per million employed persons) by state during the period of 2006-2011 using NPDS data per Indicator #11 instructions.
Data Source: Rates were calculated. Numerators were acute pesticide-associated illnesses and injuries captured by poison control centers and reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers National Poison Data System (NPDS). Denominator data were employment statistics obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistic- Current Population Survey .
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