DEEPWATER HORIZON RESPONSE
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Chemical Dispersant Research
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted laboratory tests in which laboratory rats were exposed for five hours to airborne concentrations of the oil dispersant COREXIT 9500A and responses were monitored at one day and seven days post-exposure. Six abstracts from the research by NIOSH scientists and colleagues were presented at the Experimental Biology Meeting, April 9-13, 2011, and published online in April 2011 in The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB). A seventh abstract was presented at the 2011 Society of Toxicology Annual Meeting, March 2011, and published online in The Toxicologist, March 2011. In addition, six studies were published in the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health.
The abstracts and studies address different aspects of the laboratory research, including a description of the process by which aerosolized droplets were generated for the tests, and findings one day and seven days after exposure. The findings alone do not provide sufficient information for definitive risk assessment. However, they do suggest avenues for additional research to help answer that question. NIOSH plans to conduct additional studies for evaluating effects in laboratory tests after longer (nine days) exposure.
Recommendations that were made by NIOSH for reducing responders' exposure to the dispersant during the Deepwater Horizon response, as a prudent practice to minimize risk of work-related respiratory and dermal effects, are posted here . Interim guidance by NIOSH and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration during the Deepwater Horizon response is posted here.
Links to the abstracts published online
- Sriram et al. "Neuronal synaptic and cytoskeletal protein aberration following acute inhalation exposure to the oil dispersant COREXITR EC9500A": FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:1016.4.
- Goldsmith et al. "An Inhalation Exposure System for the Oil Dispersant COREXIT R EC9500A": FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:1016.1.
- Anderson et al. "Immunological Effects of Gulf Oil Spill: Crude Oil, COREXIT R EC9500A Dispersant and Oil/Dispersant Mixtures": FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:1016.5.
- Roberts et al. "Pulmonary effects of inhaled oil dispersant (COREXIT R EC9500A) in rats": FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:1016.6.
- Shimko et al. "Mechanical responses to COREXIT R EC9500A in rat trachea in vitro": FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:1016.3.
- Krajnak et al. "Acute effects of COREXIT R EC9500A on cardiovascular function": FASEB J March 17, 2011 25:1016.2.
- Goldsmith et al. "A whole body inhalation exposure system for the oil dispersant COREXIT 9500 with pulmonary function results from an initial set of exposures with rats": The Toxicologist 120:A2338, 2011.
Articles from the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
- Potential Immunotoxicological Health Effects Following Exposure to COREXIT 9500A during Cleanup of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.
Anderson SE, Franko J, Lukomska E, Meade BJ. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011 Nov 1;74(21):1419-30.
- Bioactivity of oil dispersant used in the deepwater horizon cleanup operation.
Castranova V. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011 Nov 1;74(21):1367.
- A Computer-Controlled Whole-Body Inhalation Exposure System for the Oil Dispersant COREXIT EC9500A.
Goldsmith WT, McKinney W, Jackson M, Law B, Bledsoe T, Siegel P, Cumpston J, Frazer D. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011 Nov 1;74(21):1368-80.
- Acute Effects of COREXIT EC9500A on Cardiovascular Functions in Rats.
Krajnak K, Kan H, Waugh S, Miller GR, Johnson C, Roberts JR, Goldsmith WT, Jackson M, McKinney W, Frazer D, Kashon ML, Castranova V. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011 Nov 1;74(21):1397-404.
- Pulmonary Effects after Acute Inhalation of Oil Dispersant (COREXIT EC9500A) in Rats.
Roberts JR, Reynolds JS, Thompson JA, Zaccone EJ, Shimko MJ, Goldsmith WT, Jackson M, McKinney W, Frazer DG, Kenyon A, Kashon ML, Piedimonte G, Castranova V, Fedan JS. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011 Nov 1;74(21):1381-96.
- Neurotoxicity Following Acute Inhalation Exposure to the Oil Dispersant COREXIT EC9500A.
Sriram K, Lin GX, Jefferson AM, Goldsmith WT, Jackson M, McKinney W, Frazer DG, Robinson VA, Castranova V. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2011 Nov 1;74(21):1405-18.
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