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Social Assistance Occupations Profile - Data Tables for Figures

Table 1. Prevalence of selected health conditions; work organization and psychosocial factors; and physical and chemical exposures among U.S. workers (Social Assistance sector vs. All U.S. workers, 2010)

  All U.S. workers Social Assistance sector
Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
Health Conditions Dermatitis in the past 12 months1 9.8 0.3 9.2-10.3 12.8 1.8 9.2-16.4
Carpal tunnel syndrome in the past 12 months1 3.1 0.2 2.8-3.4 4.7 1.2 2.3-7.2
Current asthma1 7.2 0.2 6.7-7.6 8.9 1.5 6.1-11.8
Injury or poisoning at work in the past 12 months1 2.8 0.4 2.0-3.4 + + +
Work Organization Factors Work 60 hours a week or more2 7.2 0.3 6.7-7.7 4.0 1.1 2.0-6.1
Work 48 hours a week or more2 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.5 14.7 2.0 10.7-18.7
Non-standard work arrangements1 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.4 22.2 2.2 17.9-26.5
Temporary employment1 7.2 0.3 6.7-7.7 5.6 1.0 3.6-7.6
Non-standard shifts1 28.7 0.5 27.8-29.7 22.2 2.4 17.4-27.0
Psychosocial Exposures Job insecurity3 31.7 0.5 30.8-32.6 33.3 2.8 27.9-38.8
Work-family imbalance3 16.3 0.4 15.6-17.1 12.2 1.7 8.8-15.7
Hostile work environments1 7.8 0.3 7.3-8.4 9.4 1.7 6.2-12.6
Physical/Chemical Exposures Exposure to potential skin hazards at work1 20.6 0.4 19.8-21.3 19.8 1.9 16.1-23.5
Exposure to secondhand smoke at work4 10.0 0.3 9.3-10.6 7.0 1.5 4.0-10.0
Exposure to outdoor work1 24.7 0.4 23.8-25.6 28.6 2.4 23.9-33.3
Exposure to vapors, gas, dust, or fumes5 25.0 0.4 24.2-25.8 9.8 1.8 6.3-13.3

1 Among U.S. adults who have worked in the past 12 months.

2 Among U.S. adults who have worked in the past 12 months, who only held 1 job.

3 Among U.S. adults who were employed in the week prior to interview.

4 Among non-smoking U.S. adults who have worked in the past 12 months.

5 Exposure during longest-held job (all other exposures refer to current or most recent job).

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 2. Prevalence of dermatitis in the past 12 months among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 9.8 0.3 9.2-10.3
All Social Assistance workers 12.8 1.8 9.2-16.4
Community and social service occupations (all) 9.7 2.9 4.0-15.3
Social workers + + +
Social and human service assistants + + +
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 13.5 2.1 9.4-17.7
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 8.4* 4.2 0.2-16.7
Childcare workers 16.4* 5.1 6.4-26.4
Personal care aides 17.2* 8.1 1.2-33.1

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 3. Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in the past 12 months among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 3.1 0.2 2.8-3.4
All Social Assistance workers 4.7 1.2 2.3-7.2
Community and social service occupations (all) 4.2* 1.8 0.5-7.8
Social workers + + +
Social and human service assistants + + +
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 4.9 1.5 2.0-7.7
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers + + +
Personal care aides + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 4. Prevalence of current asthma among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 7.2 0.2 6.7-7.6
All Social Assistance workers 8.9 1.5 6.1-11.8
Community and social service occupations (all) 12.7 3.1 6.6-18.9
Social workers + + +
Social and human service assistants 26.6* 11.8 3.5-49.8
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 8.0 1.6 4.9-11.2
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers 10.5* 4.0 2.6-18.3
Personal care aides 6.6* 3.2 0.3-12.9

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 5. Prevalence of working 48 hours a week or more among U.S. adults working one job at the time of interview by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.5
All Social Assistance workers 14.7 2.0 10.7-18.7
Community and social service occupations (all) 18.3 4.5 9.5-27.1
Social workers 14.3* 5.4 3.7-24.9
Social and human service assistants + + +
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 13.7 2.3 9.3-18.2
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers 30.1 5.1 20.0-40.2
Personal care aides + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 6. Prevalence of non-standard work arrangements among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.4
All Social Assistance workers 22.2 2.2 17.9-26.5
Community and social service occupations (all) 13.6 4.0 5.7-21.5
Social workers + + +
Social and human service assistants + + +
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 24.3 2.6 19.1-29.4
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers 48.7 5.9 37.0-60.4
Personal care aides 22.7* 7.5 7.9-37.5

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 7. Prevalence of temporary employment among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 7.2 0.3 6.7-7.7
All Social Assistance workers 5.6 1.0 3.6-7.6
Community and social service occupations (all) 2.6* 1.2 0.2-5.0
Social workers + + +
Social and human service assistants -- -- --
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 6.3 1.2 4.0-8.7
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers 8.2* 2.5 3.3-13.1
Personal care aides + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 8. Prevalence of non-standard shifts among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 28.7 0.5 27.8-29.7
All Social Assistance workers 22.2 2.4 17.4-27.0
Community and social service occupations (all) 26.6 4.9 17.1-36.2
Social workers 20.1* 6.8 6.7-33.6
Social and human service assistants 8.7* 4.1 0.6-16.8
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 21.2 2.9 15.5-26.8
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers 27.4 5.7 16.1-38.6
Personal care aides 45.9 7.8 30.6-61.1

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 9. Prevalence of job insecurity among working U.S. adults by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 31.7 0.5 30.8-32.6
All Social Assistance workers 33.3 2.8 27.9-38.8
Community and social service occupations (all) 36.1 5.9 24.4-47.8
Social workers 36.2 8.0 20.4-52.0
Social and human service assistants 53.7* 17.4 19.5-87.9
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 32.6 3.0 26.7-38.6
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 31.2 7.1 17.1-45.2
Childcare workers 35.4 6.5 22.7-48.1
Personal care aides 34.9 7.5 20.1-49.7

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 10. Prevalence of work-family imbalance among working U.S. adults by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 16.3 0.4 15.6-17.1
All Social Assistance workers 12.2 1.7 8.8-15.7
Community and social service occupations (all) 17.4 4.4 8.7-26.1
Social workers 21.5* 6.7 8.3-34.8
Social and human service assistants 11.4* 5.3 1.1-21.8
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 10.9 1.8 7.4-14.5
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 18.2* 5.9 6.6-29.7
Childcare workers 4.1* 1.7 0.7-7.5
Personal care aides 13.4* 5.5 2.5-24.3

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 11. Prevalence of hostile work environments among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 7.8 0.3 7.3-8.4
All Social Assistance workers 9.4 1.7 6.2-12.6
Community and social service occupations (all) 17.3 4.1 9.2-25.3
Social workers 20.5 5.8 9.0-32.0
Social and human service assistants + + +
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 7.5 1.8 3.9-11.1
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers + + +
Personal care aides + + +

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 12. Prevalence of exposure to potential skin hazards at work among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 20.6 0.4 19.8-21.3
All Social Assistance workers 19.8 1.9 16.1-23.5
Community and social service occupations (all) 8.9* 3.0 3.1-14.7
Social workers 11.4* 4.8 1.9-20.9
Social and human service assistants -- -- --
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 22.4 2.2 18.0-26.8
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 38.7 7.1 24.8-52.6
Childcare workers 21.6 6.0 9.9-33.4
Personal care aides 24.5 7.0 10.7-38.3

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 13. Prevalence of exposure to outdoor work among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 24.7 0.4 23.8-25.6
All Social Assistance workers 28.6 2.4 23.9-33.3
Community and social service occupations (all) 23.1 4.4 14.3-31.8
Social workers 21.4 6.2 9.3-33.6
Social and human service assistants 17.9* 8.8 0.7-35.2
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 29.9 2.8 24.5-35.4
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 43.9 7.6 29.0-58.8
Childcare workers 36.4 5.8 25.1-47.7
Personal care aides + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 14. Prevalence of exposure to vapors, gas, dust, or fumes among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 25.0 0.4 24.2-25.8
All Social Assistance workers 9.8 1.8 6.3-13.3
Community and social service occupations (all) 6.5* 2.8 1.0-11.9
Social workers + + +
Social and human service assistants -- -- --
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 10.6 2.0 6.6-14.6
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 12.7* 5.4 2.1-23.3
Childcare workers 11.5* 3.9 3.8-19.1
Personal care aides + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 15a. Prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke at work among non-smoking U.S. adults by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 10.0 0.3 9.3-10.6
All Social Assistance workers 7.0 1.5 4.0-10.0
Community and social service occupations (all) 16.5* 5.4 5.9-27.1
Social workers 12.3* 5.3 1.8-22.8
Social and human service assistants 44.8* 17.6 10.1-79.5
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 4.6 1.3 2.0-7.1
Preschool and kindergarten teachers + + +
Childcare workers + + +
Personal care aides 18.6* 8.0 2.8-34.5

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 15b. Prevalence of smoking among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Social Assistance occupational category, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 19.7 0.4 18.9-20.4
All Social Assistance workers 15.5 1.9 11.7-19.3
Community and social service occupations (all) 10.3* 3.2 4.0-16.5
Social workers 8.3* 3.8 0.9-15.8
Social and human service assistants + + +
Other occupations within the social assistance sector 16.7 2.3 12.3-21.2
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 22.7 6.6 9.7-35.7
Childcare workers 5.3* 2.1 1.3-9.3
Personal care aides 29.4 8.6 12.4-46.4

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

 
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