This section contains a listing of all the references (journal articles, books, Web sites, federal laws and regulations) used on this Web site as well as additional information related to the topics of chest radiography, the International Labour Office (ILO) Classification System, and pneumoconioses.
If you are unable to find the information you are looking for on this Web site, please contact the B Reader Program office at (888) 480-4042 or email CWHSP@cdc.gov, and we will be happy to assist you.
Application of the ILO International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses to Digital Chest Radiographic Images: A NIOSH Scientific Workshop: Workshop Proceedings
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2008-139
American Thoracic Society. Diagnosis and Initial Management of Nonmalignant Diseases Related to Asbestos. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004; 170:691-715.
Attfield MD, Morring K. An investigation into the relationship between coal workers’ pneumoconiosis and dust exposure in U.S. coal miners. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 1992; 53:486-92.
Bohlig H, Bristol LJ, Cartier PH, Felson B, Gilson JC, Grainger TR et al. UICC/Cincinnati classification of the radiographic appearances of pneumoconiosis. Chest 1970; 58:57-67.
Cotes JE, King B. Relationship of lung function to radiographic reading (ILO) in patients with asbestos related lung disease. Thorax 1988; 43(10):777-83.
Ducatman AM. Variability in interpretation of radiographs for asbestosis abnormalities: problems and solutions. Ann NY Acad Sci 1991; 643:108-20.
Ducatman AM, Yang WN, and Forman SA. ‘B Readers’ and Asbestos Medical Surveillance. Journal of Occupational Medicine 1988; 30(8):644-647.
Fay JWJ, Rae S. The Pneumoconiosis Field Research of the National Coal Board. Ann Occup Hyg 1959; 1:149-61.
Felson B, Morgan WKC, Bristol LJ, Pendergrass E, Dessen EL, Linton OW et al. Observations on the results of multiple readings of chest films in coal miners' pneumoconiosis. Radiology 1973; 109:19-23.
Fletcher CM, Oldham PD. The problem of consistent radiological diagnosis in coalminers’ pneumoconiosis. An experimental study. Br J Ind Med 1949; 6:168-183.
Franzblau A, Kazerooni EA, Sen A, Goodsitt MM, Lee SY, Rosenman KD, Lockey JE, Meyer CA, Gillespie BW, Petsonk EL, Wang ML. Comparison of Digital Radiographs with Film Radiographs for the Classification of Pneumoconiosis. Acad Radiol 2009; 16:669-677.
Hurley JF, Burns J, Copland L, et al. Coalworkers’ simple pneumoconiosis and exposure to dust at 10 British coalmines. Br J Ind Med 1982; 39:120-7.
Jacobsen M. Part 5. Radiologic Abnormalities: Epidemiologic Utilization: The International Labour Office Classification: Use and Misuse. Annals New York Academy of Sciences 1991; 643:100-107.
Laney AS, Petsonk EL, Wolfe AL, Attfield MD: Comparison of storage phosphor computed radiography with conventional film-screen radiography in the recognition of pneumoconiosis. European Respiratory Journal. 2010. 36(1): p. 1-6
Miller BG, Jacobsen M. Dust exposure, pneumoconiosis, and mortality of coal miners. Br J Ind Med 1985; 42:723-33.
Morgan RH. Proficiency examination of physicians for classifying pneumoconiosis chest films. Am J Roentgenology 1979; 132:803-08.
Mulloy KB, Coultas DB, Samet JM. Use of chest radiographs in epidemiological investigations of pneumoconioses. Br J Ind Med 1993; 50(3):273-5.
Parker DL, Bender AP, and Hankinson S. Public Health Implications of the Variability in the Interpretation of ‘B’ Readings for Pleural Changes. Journal of Occupational Medicine 1989; 31(9):775-780.
Reger RB, Amandus HE, Morgan WKC. On the diagnosis of coalworkers' pneumoconiosis - Anglo-American disharmony. Am Rev Respir Dis 1973; 108:1186-91
Reger RB, Petersen MR, Morgan WKC. Variation in the interpretation of radiographic change in pulmonary disease. Lancet 1974; 111-13.
Richman SI and Smith CJ. Legal Aspects of Impairment and Disability in Pneumoconiosis. Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews 1993; 8(1) 71-92.
Ruckley VA, Fernie JM, Chapman JS, et al. Comparison of radiographic appearance with associated pathology and lung dust content in a group of coalworkers. Br J Ind Med 1984; 41:459-67.
Sen A, Lee S-Y, Gillespie BW, Kazerooni EA, Goodsitt MM, Rosenman KD, Lockey JE, Meyer CA, Petsonk EL, Wang ML, Franzblau A. Comparison of Reliability of Classification for Pneumoconiosis of Film and Digital Radiographs: A Modeling Approach. Acad Radiol 2010; 17:511–519.
Sheers G, Rossiter CE, Gilson JC, Mackenzie FAF. UK naval dockyards asbestos study: radiological methods in the surveillance of workers exposed to asbestos. Br J Ind Med 1978; 35:195-203.
Weill H, Jones R. The chest roentgenogram as an epidemiologic tool. Report of a workshop. Arch Environ Health 1975; 30:435-9.
Wagner GR, Attfield MD, Parker JE. Chest Radiography in Dust-Exposed Miners: Promise and Problems, Potential and Imperfections. Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews 8(1); 127-141, 1993.
Morgan RH. Radiology. In: Merchant JA, ed. Occupational Respiratory Diseases. (NIOSH Publication No. 86-102), 1986.
Antao VC, Parker JE. ILO Classification. In: Gevenois, PA & De Vuyst P, eds., Imaging of Occupational and Environmental Disorders of the Chest. Berlin. Springer, 2006, pp: 93–99. ISBN – 3540213430.
Roentgenographic Interpretation Form
(OMB 0920-0020) (CDC/NIOSH 2.8) (December 2009)
This form must be completed by the A or B Reader that interprets a chest radiograph for NIOSH as part of the Coal Workers' X-ray Surveillance Program. Mail the completed form to the address on the form. Do NOT send this form electronically to NIOSH. Print/Copy as a double-sided form.
Federal Laws and Regulations
Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000, as described on the US Department of Labor compliance assistance web site.
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
TTY: (888) 232-6348
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